The Mineral Leasing Act of 1920 gives the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) responsibility for oil and gas leasing on BLM, National Forest, and other Federal lands, as well as private lands where mineral rights have been retained by the Federal Government. For more information, view the Oil and Gas page.
The Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended, and the Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands of 1947, as amended, gives the BLM responsibility for coal leasing on approximately 570 million acres of the 700 million acres of mineral estate that is owned by the Federal Government, where coal development is permissible. The surface estate of these lands could be controlled by the BLM, United States Forest Service, private landowners, state landowners, or other Federal agencies. The BLM works to ensure that the development of coal resources is done in an environmentally sound manner and is in the best interests of the Nation. For more information, view the Coal Energy page.
Uranium deposits are considered "locatable minerals" under The General Mining Law of 1872, as amended. That law opened the public lands of the United States to mineral acquisition by the location and maintenance of mining claims. The exploration and mining of these types of mineral deposits are administered under the General Mining Law Regulations at 43 CFR 3800. For more information visit the OR/WA BLM's Locatable mineral website: http://www.blm.gov/or/programs/minerals/locatable-minerals.php. For more information, view the Uranium Energy page.