U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIORBUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
|Information Access Center|
Congress has enacted a series of legislation that has defined minerals into three general categories; locatable minerals, leasable minerals, and salable minerals. The surface management requirements and mining regulations vary according to each mineral group.
Locatable Minerals include metallic and most industrial minerals and may be staked as mining claims. The BLM in Nevada administers about 189,000 mining claims, accounting for almost 48 percent of all claims operating on public lands in the United States.
Gold panning, dredging and sluicing: There are no federal restrictions on gold panning, provided you do not trespass on private property. Please check with the appropriate county recorders office where you plan to pan to inquire if there are any local ordinaces, policies or regulations. Sluicing and dredging require permits. The local BLM offices can assist you in locating public and private lands. If your activities will be on state land or water, please contact the Nevada Division of State Lands as Nevada Revised Statutes may apply to your activities. www.leg.state.nv.us/nrs/
Using metal detectors on public lands: Metal detector use is allowed on public lands. Modern money may be collected, but coins and artifacts more than 100 years old may not be collected.
Oil & Gas
The BLM has responsibility for managing Oil & Gas Leases on about 570 million acres of public lands, as well as private land in which the Federal Government has retained the mineral rights. The BLM makes lands available for leasing only after the lands have been evaluated through the multiple-use planning process. The link will take you to more detailed information about how to obtain a lease, lease requirements, and the types of leases available.
The first geothermal lease sales offered by the BLM under the new geothermal regulations published in the Federal Register on May 2, 2007 generated $29.1 million in revenue. The BLM leases lands it manages, along with other Federal land for Geothermal Development and Exploration. The BLM supervises the operation of the leases, which are primarily in the western states.
In a cooperative effort the US Forest Service and the BLM are preparing a joint Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for geothermal leasing in the Western United States. For more information about the program visit the PEIS Website.
LR2000 Land Patents Nevada's Land Records
The LR2000 website was primarily designed for those who work in the oil, gas, and mining industries, title companies, utilities, state and local governments, along with others having interests that require access to BLM land and mineral records. On this site you will gain access to case recordation, legal land descriptions, mining claim recordation, the status of mining claims, oil and gas leases, geothermal leases, deeds, land patent status, along with other land use documents.
The Federal Land Patent Records (Glorecords) site is the primary on-line source of information on the initial transfer of land titles from the Federal government to individuals and other entities. Title records begin with the eastern States in 1810 and continue through the westward expansion up to 1964. Land patents issued after 1964 are not yet available on-line and need to be researched at the BLM State Office in the state where the land is located. The site also contains information that will allow you to associate a patentee, assignee, warrantee, widow, or heir with a specific location (Legal Land Description) and issue date.
Many Nevada patent searches begin on the Nevada Land Records site. In addition to title records, survey plats, entry surveys, mineral surveys, mineral connecting sheets, townsite surveys, along with other land description documentation. Many of the survey field notes are available on-line, with notes being added as the Cadastral Survey program is completed. If the information you are seeking is not available, contact the staff of BLM Nevada State Office Information Access Center for assistance. Click here for Common Abbreviations and Master Title Plat Symbols and Notations (courtesy of BLM California).
Wild Horse & Burro
As a caretaker of public land and its resources, one of the missions of the BLM is to administer the Wild Horse and Burro Program. In December 1971 the wild horses and burros were declared “living symbols of the historic and pioneer spirit of the west”. Nevada manages about 16,000 wild horses and 1,000 burros in 102 herd management areas covering about 16 million acres.
The BLM manages the “living legends” to ensure a healthy and diverse population, as well as protecting the rangeland over which they roam. Offering a number of wild horses and burros for adoption each year helps maintain a population the range can adequately support.
There are numerous, rewarding volunteer opportunities available in the Wild Horse and Burro program. If you are in interested in becoming a volunteer, visit the Volunteering in the Wild Horse and Burro Program website.
Public lands managed by the BLM offer more diverse recreational opportunities than any other federal agency. With more than 47 million acres of public land, Nevada is among the top western states in the number of recreational visits, acres managed, and special recreation permits issued. Visitors can enjoy the rugged beauty and challenges of extreme backcountry recreation, or enjoy a more urban environment near the Reno and Las Vegas areas.
The BLM is a leader in the nation’s wildland Fire Management efforts. To meet the diverse array of challenges in wildland fire management, the BLM utilizes highly trained professional firefighters and managers.
Land deemed to be better suited for private ownership rather than public management can be offered for sale by the BLM, but there are no regular intervals for public Land Sales. Land identified for potential disposal must have been identified in an approved land use plan that was in effect on or before July 25, 2000. For information about potential sales, contact the local BLM Nevada Field Office holding jurisdiction over the sale.
A variety of Forestry permits may be available at Nevada BLM District or Field Offices. The permits are sold under a variety of fee schedules and the regulations covering the permit will differ by area and forestry product.