Legislation for the 3 NCAs
Black Rock NCA Act of 2000 | Red Rock Canyon NCA Act of 1990 | Sloan NCA Legislation
Basin and Range National Monument
The Basin and Range area of southeastern Nevada is an iconic American landscape. The area is one of the most undisturbed corners of the broader Great Basin region, which extends from the Sierra Nevada Mountains in the west to the Colorado Plateau in the east. The vast, rugged landscape redefines our notions of distance and space and brings into sharp focus the will and resolve of the people who have lived here.
The Basin and Range National Monument comprises 704,000 acres of public lands managed by the BLM in Lincoln and Nye counties in Nevada, about two hours north of Las Vegas. The monument includes Garden Valley and Coal Valley; the Worthington Mountains, Golden Gate Range, Seaman Mountains, and Mount Irish Range; the Hiko Narrows and White River Narrows; and the Shooting Gallery rock art site. It is the first national monument managed by the BLM in Nevada.
The monument is the fifth largest unit of the BLM National Conservation Lands and the second largest in Nevada. It is also the second National Monument in Nevada, the other being Tule Springs Fossil Beds which is managed by the National Park Service. The area ranks behind sixteen National Parks and seventeen land-based National Wildlife Refuges.
National Conservation Areas (NCA)
Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails
The Black Rock Desert-High Rock Canyon Emigrant Trails National Conservation Area (NCA) is located approximately 100 miles northeast of Reno. The NCA and ten associated Wilderness Areas total 1.2 million acres and include the largest wilderness unit administered by the BLM, the 315,000-acre Black Rock Desert Wilderness.
The key NCA feature, the Black Rock Desert Playa, contains more than 160,000 acres of the bed of ancient Lake Lahontan. That huge lake covered this area with 500 feet of water as recently as 14,000 years ago.
The Black Rock Country provides expansive views, solitude, and a sense of primitive vastness little changed since Euro-Americans settled the West.
Red Rock Canyon
Red Rock Canyon NCA is located 10 miles west of Las Vegas, Nevada. This 197,000 acre area provides a 13-mile scenic drive, more than 30 miles of hiking trails, picnic areas, and a visitor center with exhibit rooms and a bookstore.
The unique geologic features, plants and animals of Red Rock Canyon represent some of the best examples of the Mojave Desert.
Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area is enjoyed by the local population as well as by visitors from the United States and many foreign countries. More than one million visitors each year enjoy the spectacular desert landscape, climbing and hiking opportunities, and interpretive programs sponsored by the BLM.
Sloan Canyon is located approximately 15 miles south of Las Vegas. The NCA contains the northern portion of the McCullough Range, which is volcanic in origin. The peaks are rounded and have a steep eastern escarpment and a gradual western slope. Elevations span from 2,000 feet at the eastern base of the range to 5,092 feet at Black Mountain. The ridgeline offers excellent views of the Las Vegas valley, numerous ranges, and the Eldorado and Jean dry lakes. The area primarily supports a creosote bush community with barrel cactus, Joshua trees, cholla and prickly pear.
Wilderness in Nevada