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Need to Know

Draft Revised Protocol Between BLM New Mexico and the New Mexico State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO)

The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) New Mexico is seeking public comment on the draft revised Protocol between the BLM New Mexico and the New Mexico State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO). This revised Protocol addresses how Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act is implemented for BLM undertakings in the State of New Mexico. The BLM New Mexico and SHPO have been operating under State Protocols since 1998, and this most recent revision is in response to updated national policy. The comment period ends on July 11, 2014. Please send your comments on the comment form provided at the link below to G.L. (Buck) Damone III at or to Kathy Boden at by this date.

For further information, please contact Kathy Boden at or G.L. (Buck) Damone III at either or (505) 954-2179.

BLM New Mexico’s cultural resources management program is designed as a comprehensive system for identifying, planning the appropriate use of, and managing cultural resources on the public lands in New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, and Texas. Visitors can help us with this mission by treating cultural resources with respect.

Site Etiquette 

Visitors can help us with this mission by treating cultural resources with respect.

Archeological Ethics

There are many things that can add to a good experience visiting an archaeological site.  Most important is leaving with the knowledge that you have taken part in learning about the past and have left the area in good condition for others to enjoy.

Here is a set of ethics for visiting archaeological sites.  Following these tips will enhance your own experience and also that of the visitors who come after you.
  • Walk lightly across desert pavement and desert soils where your tracks could cause disturbance to ancient paths/trails or fragile soil crusts that help keep sites from eroding.
  • If you spot an object of archaeological interest, please stop to examine and photograph the item if you like, but please do not move or disturb it.
  • Ruins and petroglyphs are important to Indian people today just as they were hundreds of years ago. Altering the natural landscape can be offensive to contemporary tribal members who still visit these places as their ancestors did. 
  • View the "Visit with Respect" video for Native American views of their ancestral sites.
  • View the Help Preserve Our Past: Stop Looting of Archaeological Resources Brochure.

Tribal Consultation

The DOI Tribal consultation policy is currently being developed. BLM's Tribal consultation policy will tier to the DOI policy. Click here for more information on the DOI tribal consultation policy.

Cultural Resources Documents and Links

Cultural Permittee Information

ARPA law and penalties

Become a Site Steward

Cultural Resources Program Annual Report to the Advisory Council and SHPO
(If you have trouble downloading these documents try right-clicking the link and choosing "Save target as" in IE or "Save link as" in FireFox)

2004 New Mexico BLM-SHPO Protocol

2012 National Programmatic Agreement

Visit with Respect
Visit with Respect Video