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History

Today, the federal wildland firefighting agencies and their state partners have 91 Interagency Hotshot crews (IHC) that are stationed throughout the United States. The BLM sponsors 11 IHC: two in Alaska, two in California, one in Colorado, one in Idaho, one in Mississippi, two in Nevada, one in Oregon, and one in Utah.

In 1974 the BLM established the first Alaska Hotshot crew, stationed at Kenai in South Central Alaska. In 1976, a second Hotshot crew was formed in Kenai. In 1982 the Alaska Fire Service was established at Ft. Wainwright, Alaska (a military base on the outskirts of Fairbanks ). Since the inception of AFS these two crews have continuously been stationed at Ft. Wainwright. In 1985 the two hotshot crews (Midnight Sun and Chena) increased their numbers to twenty in order to meet Type I Interagency standards.

In 1976, the Silver State Hotshots were established. In 1980 the crew became an IHC. This crew is based in Carson City, Nevada.

The Kern Valley Hotshots, now located in Bakersfield, California were established in 1983. They became recognized as an IHC in 1985.

The Roswell Hotshots were established in 1991 and were located in Roswell, New Mexico. However, due to funding issues the crew was disbanded after the 1994 fire season.

The Diamond Mountain IHC was formed in 1992. Located in Susanville, California, the crew is hosted by the Northern California BLM.

In 1997 the BLM established the Vale Hotshots located in Vale, Oregon. And, BLM's Eastern States Jackson Field Office formed the Jackson Hotshots. Jackson is the only BLM-sponsored Hotshot crew in the eastern United States. 

In 2001, the BLM established four additional Hotshot crews. The Craig Hotshots are located in Craig, Colorado. The Snake River Hotshots are located in Pocatello, Idaho. The Ruby Mountain Hotshots are located in Elko, Nevada . The Bonneville Hotshots are located in Salt Lake City, Utah.