|Land use plans, or RMPs, ensure that the public lands are managed in accordance with the intent of Congress as stated in the Federal Land Policy and Management Act (FLMPA) (43 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.), under the principles of multiple use and sustained yield. As required by FLPMA and BLM policy, the public lands must be managed in a manner that protects the quality of scientific, scenic, historical, ecological, environmental, air and atmospheric, water resource, and archaeological values; that, where appropriate, will preserve and protect certain public lands in their natural condition; that will provide food and habitat for fish, wildlife, and domestic animals; that will provide for outdoor recreation and human occupancy and use; that recognizes the nation’s need for domestic sources of minerals, food, timber, and fiber from the public lands by encouraging collaboration and public participation throughout the planning process.|
The BLM uses an ongoing planning process to ensure that RMPs and implementation decisions remain consistent with applicable laws, regulations, orders, and policies. EIS-level planning processes, such as the RMP revision, have a number of required planning steps. See the EIS-level planning process diagram for a description of the various steps.
Concurrent with the development of the RMP, an environmental impact statement (EIS) will also be prepared. Required by Section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), an EIS highlights the significant effects of a proposed project and describes alternative actions to that proposed project. The EIS will identify and analyze the potential impacts of the alternatives and implementation of the RMP on the environment and identify appropriate measures to mitigate those impacts.
For more information on the BLM planning process, see the BLM Land Use Planning Handbook (H-1601-1) under the "Documents" menu.