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Lava Trail System - Hell's Half Acre

The Snake River used to flow across the northern portion of the Snake River Plain, but now flows along the southern margin of the Plain. The river was pushed there by successive lava flows. Sixty six thousand acres are within a Wilderness Study Area (WSA). The northwest end of the lava flow has been designated as a National Natural Landmark by the US Park Service. Today, three trails go across this desolate landscape, one primitive and the other two developed with interpretive signs. Even though this area looks uninhabited, it is growing and alive with wildlife and vegetation.

Hawaiian Landscape in Idaho

The Lava Trails traverse the desert of the Snake River Plain through contorted landscapes created from multiple lava flows. These Hawaiian-type lava flows are associated with the stretching of the earth’s crust. Hell’s Half Acre lava flow erupted about 4,100 years ago and is 222 square miles or 162,000 acres. The lava flowed at 2,000 degrees Fahrenheit, had the consistency of molasses, and traveled at speeds up to 30 mph. 

Geology 

Lava rock is extremely sharp, glassy and fragmented, with open cracks, lava tubes and caves.  A'a (ah-ah) and pahoehoe (pa-hoy-hoy) lava flows are the most prevalent here.  Areas of soil and vegetation not covered by lava are called kipuka, a Hawaiian word meaning 'window in the lava.'

Botany

In the spring and early summer, numerous wildflowers, such as Evening Primrose, Indian Paintbrush, wild onions, penstemon, geraniums, and Prickly Pear Cactus, color the landscape. Bright, green ferns grow in deep cracks. Plants ranging in size from tiny mosses and lichens to juniper trees hundreds of years old grow here. Other native species include sagebrush, rabbitbrush, bitterbrush, blue bunch wheatgrass, and needle-andthread grass.

Wildlife

Wildlife roaming the lava flows include mule deer, antelope, rabbits, bobcats, coyotes, foxes, and rattlesnakes. Soaring above the flows are red-tailed hawks, prairie falcons, and golden eagles.

The Lava Trail system is open to non-motorized recreation activities only.

Explore the Lava Landscape

 

 

 

 Trail Description

Directions

Hell's Half Acre Trail

MAP

Interpretive signs discuss geology and biology


About 20 miles southwest of Idaho Falls and 5 miles northeast of Blackfoot. From I-15, take the "Blackfoot Rest Area" exit.  Access the trails from the parking areas.
20-Mile
 Trail


MAP
A 0.9-mile loop or a 4½-mile trail to the main vent of the flow.  Both are unimproved and marked with poles.

An easy–moderate hike

From Idaho Falls, travel west on Highway 20 to mile marker 287.  Continue 0.3 miles until you see a sign for "Lava Trail." Turn left onto the gravel road (staying left at the fork) and continue one-quarter mile to the trailhead.


Lava Trail System (Copyright: James Neeley)

a crevice in a lava flow at Hell's Half Acre

Guided walks are available for school and civic groups. Contact Chris Deets at 523-1012 for more information. Please give two weeks advance notice to ensure staff availability.

 

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