In processing the ROW application, the realty specialist first ensures that the proposed use of the ROW conforms with the BLM land use plan for the area and checks land use records to verify that the proposed project wouldn't conflict with existing rights on the lands requested in the application.
The specialist inventories any cultural resources, threatened or endangered species, hazardous materials, or other resources of concern that may be present in the area of the proposed ROW, and completes an environmental document - an environmental assessment (EA), an environmental impact statement (EIS), a determination of NEPA adequacy (DNA), or in specified situations, a categorical exclusion (CE, or CX).
The BLM deciding official uses the environmental documentation to make a fully informed decision about whether to grant the ROW.
The specialist calculates the rental fee for the ROW, based on fair market value information for lands in the area.
The specialist also determines what monitoring will be necessary if the ROW is granted and categorizes the cost of monitoring construction, operation, maintenance, and eventual termination of the project to establish a monitoring fee.
Monitoring is an important condition of a grant which the applicant must accept before the grant can be made. The applicant must pay all monitoring fees before the BLM can issue the ROW grant.