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Cultural History Phases

VIDEO| Watch what's happening on-the-ground at Cooper's Ferry 

COOPERS FERRY II

These people relied on large animals such as deer and elk for sustenance, supplemented with small animals and plant resources. There appears to be an increased use of the riparian zone from the previous phase and there are no apparent permanent structures or camps. Archeological sites with similar artifacts are spread over a large region, stretching as far west as The Dalles, Oregon. 

 
Mule DeerProjectile Points and fragments of the Coopers Ferry II Phase
Projectile Points and fragments of the Coopers Ferry II Phase. Scale and divisions are in Centimeters. (Source: Cultural Chronology of the Lower Salmon River (pdf), DAVIS, Loren G., Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University)

Read about the
evolution of projectile points

Rocky Canyon Phase Grave Creek Phase Craig Mountain Phase Coopers Ferry II Phase Coopers Ferry I Phase Camas Prarie Phase Historic Phase
Mussel Shells-environmental records
Oxygen isotope levels in mussel shells at this time indicate very hot, dry summers and very cold, dry winters.

More Links

Summary of Early Idaho Archaeologic Sites

Cultural Chronology of the Lower Salmon River (pdf), DAVIS, Loren G., Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University

Measuring Late Quaternary Geoecological Relationships In The Lower Salmon River Canyon, Idaho, DAVIS, Loren G., Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University

Geoarchaeological Perspectives and Archaeological Interpretations of Prehistoric Hunter-Gatherer Cultural Behavior in the Lower Salmon River Canyon, Idaho, DAVIS, Loren G., Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University
Central place foraging and the winter village: a settlement pattern analysis in the Lower Salmon River Canyon in Idaho, CARLISLE, Kendra, (pdf thesis) Department of Anthropology, Oregon State University

More research by Loren G. Davis

Our Cultural Heritage (967kb. pdf) A Fragile Record of the Last 12,000 Years along the Lower Salmon River