Idaho's Mount Borah
Soaring over the Snake River Birds of Prey NCA Survey pin Teepees at Idaho's Sacajawea Interpretive Center in Salmon Riding Idaho's rangelands Kayaking on Idaho's scenic rivers
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BLM Idaho Cultural Resources Program

Cultural Resources

The BLM's public lands host a unique and diverse body of heritage resources, while chronicle our nation's past. We all share this heritage - and the opportunity to enjoy and protect it. Respect these special places, take only pictures.

Archaeology in Idaho is as diverse as the people who live here.  Thousands of years ago, Idaho was inhabited solely by native peoples who traveled long distances across the landscape in search of wild game and edible plants.

More than 200 years ago, Lewis & Clark made their historic trip through Idaho with a Shoshone woman, Sacajawea, as their guide.  About 130 years ago, hundreds of immigrants traveled through Idaho on their way to the west coast on rugged, dusty trails that would later come to be known as the Oregon and California Trails.

With the new settlers came railroads, ranching and mining. Many Chinese came to Idaho to work on railroads and mines in the 1880's. The Basque also came to graze sheep in the vast deserts of Idaho. During the Depression, the Civilian Conservation Corp built numerous projects in idaho. During World War II, Idaho was the site of a Japanese internment camp.

The remains of these events are often still visible today.  Preserving these remains reminds us of our common heritage, which shapes who we are today and what we will be tomorrow.

OSU Archaeology Students educate recreational boaters on the Lower Salmon River

In the Spotlight

2014 Cultural Resources Annual Report 

New Video Depicts Challenges Faced on the Oregon/California National Historical Trail: A new BLM video features challenges emigrants faced when they came to Big Hill on the Oregon/California National Historic Trail. Big Hill was known to the emigrants as one of the steepest portions of the entire trail. Check out the video.

Henry McCabe near Gilmore in 1912

From about 1910-1920s, the small and once booming mining town of Gilmore was one of the largest lead-silver camps in Idaho, producing nearly $486 million dollars (present day value) worth of silver and gold.  Learn more about the old mining community of Gilmore and what life was like for the residents of neighboring "Tent Town."


Gold Mining at Mon Tung Chinese Site

Agaiduka: Ancient Fishermen of Southern Idaho