Sensitive Species


Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou

The Selkirk Mountains woodland caribou live in their namesake mountain range in northern Idaho. They are clove-brown with a white neck and rump; their feet often have a white flank stripe.  Caribou have large, concave hoofs that spread widely to support them when walking in snow and soft tundra. Public land agencies are currently working to protect the Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou population. Recovery of caribou is also accomplished with cooperation from British Columbia, which recently listed the caribou as a federally threatened species.

Habitat:  Only about 35 caribou still inhabit the Selkirk Mountains, which encompass eastern Washington, northern Idaho and southern British Columbia. 

Food: These caribou forage on arboreal lichen, which grows on trees. It takes 80 to 150 years for a forest to grow enough lichens for caribou. They have also been known to eat shrubs, grasses, and willows. 

Facts: Caribou are the only deer species in which both males and females grow antlers, although male caribou have much larger antlers than female caribou. Every year, they shed their antlers and grow new antlers for the next year. 

A caribou in Canada.  Canadian caribou are closely related to the Selkirk Mountains caribou.


  Main Page 
  Hunting & Poaching 
  Injured Wildlife 
  Wildlife Science in the BLM

Herbivore Mammals

Pygmy rabbit 
Desert cottontail 
Eastern gray squirrel 
Red squirrel 
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat 
Meadow vole 
Mule deer 
Bighorn sheep 
American pronghorn 

Carnivore Mammals

American badger 
River otter 
Red fox 
Long-tailed weasel 
Grizzly bear 
Mountain lion   



  Long-toed salamander 
  Idaho giant salamander  
  Coeur d'Alene salamander

 Frogs and Toads  

  American bullfrog 
  Columbia spotted frog 
  Western toad 
  Northern leopard frog 
  Pacific tree frog 
  Great Basin spadefoot 



Painted turtle 
Northern alligator lizard 
Mohave black-collared lizard 
Short-horned lizard 
Desert horned lizard 
Sagebrush lizard 
Western fence lizard 
Western skink 
Side-blotched lizard 
Longnosed leopard lizard 
Western whiptail 



Western pipistrelle 
Western small-footed myotis 
Little brown bat 
Yuma myotis 
Townsend's big-eared bat 
Hoary bat 
Silver-haired bat 
Fringed myotis 
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list) 

Greater sage-grouse 
Pygmy rabbit 
No. Idaho ground squirrel 
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx 
Grizzly bear 
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou 
Kootenai White River sturgeon 
Bull trout 
Sockeye salmon 
Chinook salmon 
Steelhead trout 
Yellow-billed cuckoo