Sensitive Species

Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou

The Selkirk Mountains woodland caribou live in their namesake mountain range in northern Idaho. They are clove-brown with a white neck and rump; their feet often have a white flank stripe.  Caribou have large, concave hoofs that spread widely to support them when walking in snow and soft tundra. Public land agencies are currently working to protect the Selkirk Mountains Woodland Caribou population. Recovery of caribou is also accomplished with cooperation from British Columbia, which recently listed the caribou as a federally threatened species.

Habitat:  Only about 35 caribou still inhabit the Selkirk Mountains, which encompass eastern Washington, northern Idaho and southern British Columbia. 

Food: These caribou forage on arboreal lichen, which grows on trees. It takes 80 to 150 years for a forest to grow enough lichens for caribou. They have also been known to eat shrubs, grasses, and willows. 

Facts: Caribou are the only deer species in which both males and females grow antlers, although male caribou have much larger antlers than female caribou. Every year, they shed their antlers and grow new antlers for the next year. 

A caribou in Canada.  Canadian caribou are closely related to the Selkirk Mountains caribou.

Environmental Education:
Wildlife Species 


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Herbivore Mammals

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Frogs and Toads

American bullfrog
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Northern leopard frog
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Mohave black-collared lizard
Short-horned lizard
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Western pipistrelle
Western small-footed myotis
Little brown bat
Yuma myotis
Townsend's big-eared bat
Hoary bat
Silver-haired bat
Fringed myotis
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list)

Greater sage-grouse
Pygmy rabbit
No. Idaho ground squirrel
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx
Grizzly bear
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou
Kootenai White River sturgeon
Bull trout
Sockeye salmon
Chinook salmon
Steelhead trout
Yellow-billed cuckoo