Idaho's Mount Borah
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U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT
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Red Squirrel

Description: Red squirrels were named for their brownish red fur on their upper bodies. They also have white underbodies separated from the top by a dark stripe. They have light colored rings around their eyes, and their tails are somewhat bushy, but not as large as other tree squirrels. These little rodents are quick and full of energy. If you see one, it will very likely be darting around with jerky, very busy movements.  

Red Squirrel 
© John J. Mosesso, courtesy of /life.nbii.gov

 
Habitat: These little squirrels are found throughout Idaho’s forests. If you go camping on either BLM lands or other public lands in forested areas, you will probably see red squirrels darting through your campsite or nearby. 
 
Food: Red squirrels usually eat seeds from conifer cones, nuts, fungi, and fruits. Because they love to eat conifer seeds, they are a great help to forest ecosystems. By collecting cones for seeds, they help spread them and allow new conifer seeds to sprout. They do not hibernate in winter, so they must always work to store food for winter months. 

Fun Facts: Red squirrels store conifer cones in storage areas called middens. Red squirrels have been known to store up to 20,000 cones in one midden for winter food storage!  

red squirrel
©2006 Charles H. Warren, Courtesy of life.nbii.gov


Wildlife 

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Herbivore Mammals

Jackrabbit 
Pygmy rabbit 
Desert cottontail 
Beaver 
Eastern gray squirrel 
Red squirrel 
Chipmunk 
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat 
Meadow vole 
Mule deer 
Elk 
Bighorn sheep 
American pronghorn 
Moose  


Carnivore Mammals

Bobcat 
American badger 
River otter 
Red fox 
Long-tailed weasel 
Coyote 
Grizzly bear 
Mountain lion   


Amphibians

 Salamanders 

  Long-toed salamander 
  Idaho giant salamander  
  Coeur d'Alene salamander

 Frogs and Toads  

  American bullfrog 
  Columbia spotted frog 
  Western toad 
  Northern leopard frog 
  Pacific tree frog 
  Great Basin spadefoot 

Reptiles 

Snakes

Painted turtle 
Northern alligator lizard 
Mohave black-collared lizard 
Short-horned lizard 
Desert horned lizard 
Sagebrush lizard 
Western fence lizard 
Western skink 
Side-blotched lizard 
Longnosed leopard lizard 
Western whiptail 

 

Bats 

Western pipistrelle 
Western small-footed myotis 
Little brown bat 
Yuma myotis 
Townsend's big-eared bat 
Hoary bat 
Silver-haired bat 
Fringed myotis 
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list) 

Greater sage-grouse 
Pygmy rabbit 
No. Idaho ground squirrel 
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx 
Grizzly bear 
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou 
Kootenai White River sturgeon 
Bull trout 
Sockeye salmon 
Chinook salmon 
Steelhead trout 
Yellow-billed cuckoo


Birds

     Waterfowl 
     Raptors
     Songbirds

Fish