Sensitive Species


Northern Idaho Ground Squirrel

Northern Idaho ground squirrels are only found in two isolated counties in North Idaho. They have grayish-brown fur spotted with a red-brown color and they have striped tails. They also have cheek pouches, which they use to carry nuts back to their dens. 

Habitat: These little squirrels live near forested areas, but they make their homes in meadows and rocky areas. They live in burrows, and they hide the entrance to their burrows under rocks or logs. They also hibernate in winter.  

Northern Idaho ground squirrel

: Because they spend a significant amount of their lifespan in hibernation, Northern Idaho ground squirrels must work to gather food for winter during the spring and summer months. They forage for seeds, leaves, and vegetation so they can store up fat to keep them healthy during their long winter hibernation sleep.  

Facts: The population of the Northern Idaho ground squirrel has decreased so drastically, public land managers are undertaking many measures to try and conserve them. Scientists and managers are working with private land owners to allow squirrel-friendly plants to be planted on private land, which will promote more squirrels. They are also being monitored and relocated to try and save them from extinction. It is estimated that there are fewer than 500 of these animals left. 


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Herbivore Mammals

Pygmy rabbit 
Desert cottontail 
Eastern gray squirrel 
Red squirrel 
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat 
Meadow vole 
Mule deer 
Bighorn sheep 
American pronghorn 

Carnivore Mammals

American badger 
River otter 
Red fox 
Long-tailed weasel 
Grizzly bear 
Mountain lion   



  Long-toed salamander 
  Idaho giant salamander  
  Coeur d'Alene salamander

 Frogs and Toads  

  American bullfrog 
  Columbia spotted frog 
  Western toad 
  Northern leopard frog 
  Pacific tree frog 
  Great Basin spadefoot 



Painted turtle 
Northern alligator lizard 
Mohave black-collared lizard 
Short-horned lizard 
Desert horned lizard 
Sagebrush lizard 
Western fence lizard 
Western skink 
Side-blotched lizard 
Longnosed leopard lizard 
Western whiptail 



Western pipistrelle 
Western small-footed myotis 
Little brown bat 
Yuma myotis 
Townsend's big-eared bat 
Hoary bat 
Silver-haired bat 
Fringed myotis 
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list) 

Greater sage-grouse 
Pygmy rabbit 
No. Idaho ground squirrel 
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx 
Grizzly bear 
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou 
Kootenai White River sturgeon 
Bull trout 
Sockeye salmon 
Chinook salmon 
Steelhead trout 
Yellow-billed cuckoo