Sensitive Species

Northern Idaho Ground Squirrel

Northern Idaho ground squirrels are only found in two isolated counties in North Idaho. They have grayish-brown fur spotted with a red-brown color and they have striped tails. They also have cheek pouches, which they use to carry nuts back to their dens. 

Habitat: These little squirrels live near forested areas, but they make their homes in meadows and rocky areas. They live in burrows, and they hide the entrance to their burrows under rocks or logs. They also hibernate in winter.  

Northern Idaho ground squirrel

: Because they spend a significant amount of their lifespan in hibernation, Northern Idaho ground squirrels must work to gather food for winter during the spring and summer months. They forage for seeds, leaves, and vegetation so they can store up fat to keep them healthy during their long winter hibernation sleep.  

Facts: The population of the Northern Idaho ground squirrel has decreased so drastically, public land managers are undertaking many measures to try and conserve them. Scientists and managers are working with private land owners to allow squirrel-friendly plants to be planted on private land, which will promote more squirrels. They are also being monitored and relocated to try and save them from extinction. It is estimated that there are fewer than 500 of these animals left. 

Environmental Education:
Wildlife Species 


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Herbivore Mammals

Pygmy rabbit
Desert cottontail
Eastern gray squirrel
Red squirrel
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat
Meadow vole
Mule deer
Bighorn sheep
American pronghorn

Carnivore Mammals

American badger
River otter
Red fox
Long-tailed weasel
Grizzly bear
Mountain lion



Long-toed salamander
Idaho giant salamander
Coeur d'Alene salamander

Frogs and Toads

American bullfrog
Columbia spotted frog
Western toad
Northern leopard frog
Pacific tree frog
Great Basin spadefoot



Painted turtle
Northern alligator lizard
Mohave black-collared lizard
Short-horned lizard
Desert horned lizard
Sagebrush lizard
Western fence lizard
Western skink
Side-blotched lizard
Longnosed leopard lizard
Western whiptail


Western pipistrelle
Western small-footed myotis
Little brown bat
Yuma myotis
Townsend's big-eared bat
Hoary bat
Silver-haired bat
Fringed myotis
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list)

Greater sage-grouse
Pygmy rabbit
No. Idaho ground squirrel
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx
Grizzly bear
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou
Kootenai White River sturgeon
Bull trout
Sockeye salmon
Chinook salmon
Steelhead trout
Yellow-billed cuckoo