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Jackrabbit

The most common jackrabbit in Idaho is the black-tailed jackrabbit. The black-tailed jackrabbit has long ears and legs and is more slender than cottontail rabbits. Even though they are called jackrabbits, they are actually hares because, unlike the cottontail rabbits, they do not build burrows. The best way to tell if you are looking at a jackrabbit or a cottontail is to see if you can notice the tail and/or ears. Do its ears look oversized, like those of a donkey? If so, you are looking at a jackrabbit, not a cottontail.

Black tailed jackrabbit
blacktailed jackrabbit

The black-tailed jackrabbit is mostly nocturnal, because it lives in very arid, desert-like habitats where temperatures significantly increase during the day. The blood vessels in its large ears expand to allow blood to cool before re-entering its body. Large ears also help it escape predators with a keen sense of hearing, and then it relies on speed to escape. Black-tailed jackrabbits can leap and bound at speeds of up to 35 miles per hour.   

Habitat: Jackrabbits prefer an open, arid (dry) habitat, like the BLM rangelands of southern Idaho. Instead of building burrows, they builds nests under thick brush or shrubs.  
 
Food: 
The jackrabbit is an herbivore, meaning that it only eats plants and no meat. It eats a lot of green plants and flowers very high in water content, so it does not have to find water frequently. It will also munch on sagebrush and cacti.      

blacktailed jackrabbi


Environmental Education:
Wildlife Species 


 

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Herbivore Mammals

Jackrabbit
Pygmy rabbit
Desert cottontail
Beaver
Eastern gray squirrel
Red squirrel
Chipmunk
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat
Meadow vole
Mule deer
Elk
Bighorn sheep
American pronghorn
Moose


Carnivore Mammals

Bobcat
American badger
River otter
Red fox
Long-tailed weasel
Coyote
Grizzly bear
Mountain lion


Amphibians

Salamanders

Long-toed salamander
Idaho giant salamander
Coeur d'Alene salamander

Frogs and Toads

American bullfrog
Columbia spotted frog
Western toad
Northern leopard frog
Pacific tree frog
Great Basin spadefoot

Reptiles

Snakes

Painted turtle
Northern alligator lizard
Mohave black-collared lizard
Short-horned lizard
Desert horned lizard
Sagebrush lizard
Western fence lizard
Western skink
Side-blotched lizard
Longnosed leopard lizard
Western whiptail


Bats

Western pipistrelle
Western small-footed myotis
Little brown bat
Yuma myotis
Townsend's big-eared bat
Hoary bat
Silver-haired bat
Fringed myotis
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list)

Greater sage-grouse
Pygmy rabbit
No. Idaho ground squirrel
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx
Grizzly bear
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou
Kootenai White River sturgeon
Bull trout
Sockeye salmon
Chinook salmon
Steelhead trout
Yellow-billed cuckoo


Birds

Waterfowl
Raptors
Songbirds

Fish