American pronghorn (antelope)

Description: Pronghorns are the fastest land mammal in North America.  They can run at more than 53 miles (86 kilometers) an hour and across great distances. Many people in Idaho refer to these animals as “pronghorned antelope.”

Pronghorns have a tan upper body and legs, but they have a lighter brown to white lower body. They also have a black band around their snout, a black nose, and black neck patch. If you can see the black band, you are looking at a pronghorn, not a deer.

Proghorn antelope

Habitat: Thousands of pronghorns live on BLM lands, as they like to eat grasses, sagebrush, and other desert plants. They can also survive in very hot temperatures (up to 130 degrees!) or very cold temperatures (50 below zero!), making them an ideal rangeland-dwelling creature.   

Food: Grasses, sagebrush, and other rangeland plants.

Fun Facts: 
Both male and female pronghorns have horns. The sheaths of these horns are made of hair and are shed every year. The horns have forward-pointing prongs; that’s why they are called pronghorns. 

Male and female antelope on rangeland


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Herbivore Mammals

Pygmy rabbit 
Desert cottontail 
Eastern gray squirrel 
Red squirrel 
Deer mouse
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Meadow vole 
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Bighorn sheep 
American pronghorn 

Carnivore Mammals

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Mohave black-collared lizard 
Short-horned lizard 
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Little brown bat 
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Townsend's big-eared bat 
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Silver-haired bat 
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Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list) 

Greater sage-grouse 
Pygmy rabbit 
No. Idaho ground squirrel 
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx 
Grizzly bear 
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou 
Kootenai White River sturgeon 
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