American pronghorn (antelope)

Description: Pronghorns are the fastest land mammal in North America.  They can run at more than 53 miles (86 kilometers) an hour and across great distances. Many people in Idaho refer to these animals as “pronghorned antelope.”

Pronghorns have a tan upper body and legs, but they have a lighter brown to white lower body. They also have a black band around their snout, a black nose, and black neck patch. If you can see the black band, you are looking at a pronghorn, not a deer.

Proghorn antelope

 
Habitat: Thousands of pronghorns live on BLM lands, as they like to eat grasses, sagebrush, and other desert plants. They can also survive in very hot temperatures (up to 130 degrees!) or very cold temperatures (50 below zero!), making them an ideal rangeland-dwelling creature.   

Food: Grasses, sagebrush, and other rangeland plants.

Fun Facts: 
Both male and female pronghorns have horns. The sheaths of these horns are made of hair and are shed every year. The horns have forward-pointing prongs; that’s why they are called pronghorns. 

Male and female antelope on rangeland


Wildlife 

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Herbivore Mammals

Jackrabbit 
Pygmy rabbit 
Desert cottontail 
Beaver 
Eastern gray squirrel 
Red squirrel 
Chipmunk 
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat 
Meadow vole 
Mule deer 
Elk 
Bighorn sheep 
American pronghorn 
Moose  


Carnivore Mammals

Bobcat 
American badger 
River otter 
Red fox 
Long-tailed weasel 
Coyote 
Grizzly bear 
Mountain lion   


Amphibians

 Salamanders 

  Long-toed salamander 
  Idaho giant salamander  
  Coeur d'Alene salamander

 Frogs and Toads  

  American bullfrog 
  Columbia spotted frog 
  Western toad 
  Northern leopard frog 
  Pacific tree frog 
  Great Basin spadefoot 

Reptiles 

Snakes

Painted turtle 
Northern alligator lizard 
Mohave black-collared lizard 
Short-horned lizard 
Desert horned lizard 
Sagebrush lizard 
Western fence lizard 
Western skink 
Side-blotched lizard 
Longnosed leopard lizard 
Western whiptail 

 

Bats 

Western pipistrelle 
Western small-footed myotis 
Little brown bat 
Yuma myotis 
Townsend's big-eared bat 
Hoary bat 
Silver-haired bat 
Fringed myotis 
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list) 

Greater sage-grouse 
Pygmy rabbit 
No. Idaho ground squirrel 
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx 
Grizzly bear 
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou 
Kootenai White River sturgeon 
Bull trout 
Sockeye salmon 
Chinook salmon 
Steelhead trout 
Yellow-billed cuckoo


Birds

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     Songbirds

Fish