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Coyote

Coyotes are not as big as you might think. They weigh between 20 and 40 pounds. They have long gray to brownish gray fur, with buff-colored fur on their undersides. The best way to tell a coyote from a wolf is its smaller size, along with the fact that they have larger ears than wolves, and their tails are bushier. They also usually run with their tails between their legs, and wolves do not. Coyotes run in packs and you can often hear their “yip yip yip” sounds in the hills. They are mostly nocturnal, meaning that they prefer to hunt for food at night. They are usually shy to humans and will run away if you come across one of them.    

Habitat: Coyotes can easily adapt to their surroundings, so they live throughout North America.  They can often be seen scurrying through the sagebrush on BLM lands, especially in hilly areas. However, they can be found in open prairies, dense forests, or in urban areas near humans; wherever they can find adequate food.   

Coyote 
Photo courtesy of Kim Keating, USGS

Food:   These sly dogs aren’t always picky about what they eat. They will feed on small cottontails, jackrabbits, pocket mice, voles, ground squirrels and kangaroo rats. However, they are definitely capable of preying on larger animals, such as pronghorn fawns, elk calves, mule deer, and some domestic livestock (they especially seem to like sheep). In urban areas, they have been known to prey on pet cats and smaller pet dogs. 

Fun Facts: Coyotes communicate through a series of yips or howls. If you camp in the woods or on rangelands, you may hear coyotes communicating in the night. Often, coyote sounds are confused for wolves. 

Coyote

 


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Herbivore Mammals

Jackrabbit
Pygmy rabbit
Desert cottontail
Beaver
Eastern gray squirrel
Red squirrel
Chipmunk
Deer mouse
Kangaroo rat
Meadow vole
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Carnivore Mammals

Bobcat
American badger
River otter
Red fox
Long-tailed weasel
Coyote
Grizzly bear
Mountain lion


Amphibians

Salamanders

Long-toed salamander
Idaho giant salamander
Coeur d'Alene salamander

Frogs and Toads

American bullfrog
Columbia spotted frog
Western toad
Northern leopard frog
Pacific tree frog
Great Basin spadefoot

Reptiles

Snakes

Painted turtle
Northern alligator lizard
Mohave black-collared lizard
Short-horned lizard
Desert horned lizard
Sagebrush lizard
Western fence lizard
Western skink
Side-blotched lizard
Longnosed leopard lizard
Western whiptail


Bats

Western pipistrelle
Western small-footed myotis
Little brown bat
Yuma myotis
Townsend's big-eared bat
Hoary bat
Silver-haired bat
Fringed myotis
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list)

Greater sage-grouse
Pygmy rabbit
No. Idaho ground squirrel
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx
Grizzly bear
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou
Kootenai White River sturgeon
Bull trout
Sockeye salmon
Chinook salmon
Steelhead trout
Yellow-billed cuckoo


Birds

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