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Idaho’s Salamanders

Salamanders are sticky because they need water to survive! Without water, salamanders dry up. Why is this? Because of their skin and the way they breathe. 

How do salamanders differ from lizards? They look similar, but there are a few differences. Salamanders have very moist, naked skin, clawless toes, and no external ear openings. Lizards have dry, scaly skin, clawed toes, and you can see little external ear openings if you can get close enough. Lizards, because they are used to living on land instead of water, can run much faster on land than salamanders can.    

Baby salamanders breathe through gills. Some salamanders retain these gills as adults. But most will go through metamorphosis (when their bodies change) where their gills are replaced by lungs (an exception to this is the lung-less salamander). Salamanders can breathe through their skin too, which is why they always need to be near water, otherwise their skin will dry up.

To learn more about some of Idaho's salamanders, click the salamander names on the right. 


Environmental Education:
Wildlife Species 


 

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Herbivore Mammals

Jackrabbit
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Desert cottontail
Beaver
Eastern gray squirrel
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Carnivore Mammals

Bobcat
American badger
River otter
Red fox
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Amphibians

Salamanders

Long-toed salamander
Idaho giant salamander
Coeur d'Alene salamander

Frogs and Toads

American bullfrog
Columbia spotted frog
Western toad
Northern leopard frog
Pacific tree frog
Great Basin spadefoot

Reptiles

Snakes

Painted turtle
Northern alligator lizard
Mohave black-collared lizard
Short-horned lizard
Desert horned lizard
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Western fence lizard
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Side-blotched lizard
Longnosed leopard lizard
Western whiptail


Bats

Western pipistrelle
Western small-footed myotis
Little brown bat
Yuma myotis
Townsend's big-eared bat
Hoary bat
Silver-haired bat
Fringed myotis
Pallid bat

Sensitive Species (not a complete list)

Greater sage-grouse
Pygmy rabbit
No. Idaho ground squirrel
So. Idaho ground squirrel
Canada lynx
Grizzly bear
Selkirk Mtns. woodland caribou
Kootenai White River sturgeon
Bull trout
Sockeye salmon
Chinook salmon
Steelhead trout
Yellow-billed cuckoo


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Fish