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BLM>Eastern States>Lower Potomac Field Station>Nature at Meadowood
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Button buck enjoying one of Meadowood's many trails. (BLM photo by David Lyster)

Nature at Meadowood

Meadowood Special Recreation Management Area contains a variety of terrains and vegetation types. These include gently sloping open meadows, mature hardwood forests along steep slopes and floodplains, and riparian areas, freshwater ponds and streams. Woody plants common to the woodlands, forests and forest edges include red and white oak, beech, sweet gum, Virginia pine, and even persimmon and paw paws.


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The ponds, streams and riparian areas at Meadowood host a wide variety of insects, fish and other wildlife. Waterfowl include herons, ducks and Canada geese. Dragonflies are abundant and commonly observed at Enchanted and Hidden Ponds. The American eel has been found in our streams and ponds, and an occasional eagle can be seen watching the ponds for a bite to eat. Evidence of beaver may occasionally be found in the floodplains of Thompson Creek, Giles Run and South Branch. 

Enchanted Pond and Hidden Pond are home to a variety of fish and other wildlife at Meadowood, including herons, mallards and wood ducks, Canada geese, turtles, and other aquatic wildlife and insects. Fish in the ponds include bass, bluegill, catfish, and crappie. BLM and the State of Virginia survey the fish population in the fishing ponds periodically, and restock the ponds when needed. In addition, BLM stocks a small number of grass-eating carp in the ponds; the carp, which cannot reproduce, eat invasive aquatic weeds that can overwhelm a small pond.  

In addition to providing a great diversity of native plant species and habitats, Meadowood also contains some of the many invasive plant species or weeds found throughout the Mid-Atlantic Region. BLM controls the spread of invasive plants by mowing and targeted herbicide application. Volunteers help BLM control the spread of invasive weeds  by hand-pulling or digging invasive plants before they seed and spread.