BLM Colorado Hydraulic Fracturing

The State of Colorado

The BLM works with the Colorado Oil and Gas Conservation Commission (COGCC) to permit and lease for oil and gas resources. Below is general information about their role in managing for Hydraulic Fracturing.

The COGCC has some of the strictest regulations in the nation to ensure that all resources including groundwater are protected. These regulations require wells to be cased with multiple layers of steel pipe and cement to create an impregnable seal between the well and the ground. In 2012 and 2013, the COGCC passed additional regulations to address concerns associated with hydraulic fracturing.


COGCC January 7, 2013 Groundwater Protection Rules – Requires baseline water quality data prior to oil and gas development, and additional data after development.

COGCC January 9, 2013 New Measures to Address Drilling Setbacks – Uniform 500-foot setbacks statewide, enhanced outreach and mitigation efforts when drilling within 1,000 feet of an occupied structure, new regulations for operating within 1,000 feet of buildings that house larger numbers of people.

COGCC December 13, 2011 Disclosure Rules - Regulations that require operators to publicly disclose all chemicals used to hydraulically fracture wells in Colorado. Or, www.coga.org/pdfs_facts/HFRuleforCommunities.pdf

COGCC Water Sources and Demand for Fracking in Colorado - Examines the current and projected water demands for fracking in Colorado, compares those demands to the amount of water used for other purposes in Colorado, identifies potential sources of water for fracking, and summarizes the legal and administrative requirements for using those sources.

COGCC Water Sampling Data - Includes COGCC Baseline and COGA Voluntary Data. The database is under construction and will continue to have historical information added in the coming months.

COGCC Hydraulic Fracturing Rules – Covers chemicals, disclosure, landowner notice, well casings, setbacks, pressure monitoring, Coal Bed Methane (CBM) wells, evaporation pits, spills.

COGCC Rules and Regulations – Presentation to the 2012 BLM Statewide Resource Advisory Committee. Covers mission, history, current drilling numbers, regulations, lifespan of a well, permitting, public participation, oversight, inspections.

Additional COGCC Hydraulic Fracturing Information


Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment

CDPHE Oil and Gas Industry Environmental Requirements - This web page provides links to information on air, water and waste environmental requirements administered by the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment that affect oil and gas exploration and production (E&P) condensate tanks and tank batteries in Colorado.