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Leasing: Frequently Asked Questions

Presale: Planning and Environmental Assessment

Why does BLM offer parcels for oil and gas leasing?
Congress has directed the BLM to make public lands available for oil and gas leasing.  The BLM is a multiple use agency. This means that in addition to managing for uses like recreation and livestock grazing, we also have to consider developing mineral resources such as oil and gas. Each BLM field office manages all resources under a resource management plan (RMP).  The RMP outlines management decisions for the office such as allocating lands that are available for oil and gas leasing, and what restrictions will be placed on leases to protect sensitive resources. 

Regardless of the type of use, the BLM analyzes impacts to resources according to the National Environmental Policy Act.

What is the process for oil and gas development? 
Each BLM field office manages its resources through a RMP, which identifies the lands that are available for oil and gas leasing, and any necessary restrictions to protect sensitive resources. Decisions in an RMP are made  through an open, public process.  Typically, parcels in a lease sale have been nominated by the public based on what areas have previously been identified as open. Oil and gas lease sales are held quarterly each year. Once an area is nominated, the BLM initiates an environmental assessment to inform its decision to offer the lease in an upcoming sale or hold the lease for further analysis. If parcels are leased, the lease holder must apply for a permit before drilling can occur. That permit is subject to a public planning process, requiring site-specific analysis and public comment. Further resource protections, known as Conditions of Approval, can be applied to the permit at this time.

Why does the BLM conduct an Environmental Assessment (EA) for oil and gas lease sales?
The lease sale EA analyzes specific parcels to determine what reasonably foreseeable impacts may occur from leasing.  The EA also gives the public and the BLM a way to look closer at individual parcels and see if conditions have changed since the area was identified for oil and gas development in the field office’s RMP. An EA augments the decisions made in an RMP with current on-the-ground information. As a result, the BLM may decide to defer leasing in some areas for further analysis.

Will the leases analyzed in the EA be developed?
Not necessarily. Although a lease gives the lease holder the right to explore and develop the parcel’s minerals, the decision made through a preliminary EA is only to offer specific parcels for sale. Many parcels that are sold at a lease sale are never developed.

Once a parcel is sold, an application permit to drill (APD) must be submitted before any development can occur. When, and if, an APD is submitted, the BLM will conduct further environmental reviews to study the lease holder’s plans for developing the lease.

What is the difference between an Expression of Interest (EOI) and a Presale Noncompetitive Offer?
An EOI is an informal nomination for lands to appear on a competitive oil and gas auction. A presale noncompetitive offer is a pre-sale offer in which an advanced rental of $1.50 is paid per acre along with a filing fee. At the present time, we are able to work EOI's and presale's within the same time frames. However, in situations where time is critical the presale's will take priority. 

What is the BLM’s policy for releasing information on who submits an EOI? Can we get this information before the sale?
An EOI is an informal nomination to request certain lands be included in a competitive oil and gas lease sale. Per WO IM 2014-004, the BLM will publish EOI submissions received on or after January 1, 2014,  on the website of the BLM state office where the nominated parcel is located. EOI submitters who prefer their name and address to be confidential should not include that information in their EOI. The BLM no longer requires submitters of EOIs to provide their name or address. Submitters may still provide this information for contact purposes; however, the BLM will make it available to the public. For more information, click here .

What is the minimum per acre price for an oil and gas lease? What is the rental fee?
There are two parts of an oil and gas lease bid.  There is a required $1.50 per acre rental and a $2.00 per acre minimum bonus bid.  The bonus bid is determined at auction by the highest bidder, but cannot be lower than $2.00 per acre. Leases that are sold non-competitively are not subject to the $2.00 per acre bonus bid.

How soon will an EOI come up on a sale?
A: If the minerals are BLM public domain lands it takes anywhere from nine to 21 months to appear on a sale depending on where the parcel is located and the time of the year the nomination is submitted. This is longer for lands with different surface managing agencies.

Why does it take so long?
The BLM analyzes and accepts public input on nominated parcels nine to 21 months in advance of a sale. We stop accepting EOIs for inclusion in a sale approximately 40 weeks before the sale. EOIs filed after that date are moved into the next sale. We are also required (43 CFR 3120.4-2) to post the Notice of Competitive Sale and have the plats notated 90 days prior to the sale. 

How can I provide effective comments during the environmental analysis?
The most effective comments are specific to the area and the natural resources involved. If you decide to comment on a preliminary EA, consider referring to specific parcels and the associated resources on those parcels.

May I protest BLM’s decision to offer the lands in this Notice for lease?
Yes, under regulation 43 CFR 3120.1-3, you may protest the inclusion of a parcel listed in a lease sale notice.  All protests must meet the following requirements: 

The BLM Colorado State Office must receive a protest no later than close of business on the 30th calendar day after the posting of the notice of the lease sale. No protests should be received by BLM District or Resource Area Offices. All protests must be received by the Colorado State Office, located at 2850 Youngfield St., Lakewood, CO 80215 .  If the State Office is not open on the 30th day after the posting of the sale notice, a protest received on the next day our office is open to the public will be considered timely filed. Close of business for the Colorado State office is 4 p.m., which is when the Information Center (Public Room) closes.  The protest must also include a statement of reasons to support the protest.  We will dismiss a late-filed protest, a protest filed without a statement of reasons, or a protest that lists the 4-digit parcel ID number (Please use the COC 5-digit serial number) .

  • A protest must state the interest of the protesting party, their mailing address and reference the specific COC 5-digit serial number being  protested. 
  • You may file a signed protest by mail in hardcopy form or by telefax directly to the BLM Colorado State Office. You may not file a protest by electronic mail . A protest filed by fax must be sent to 303-239-3799.  A protest sent to a fax number other than the fax number identified or a protest filed by electronic mail will be dismissed.
  • If the party signing the protest is doing so on behalf of an association, partnership or corporation, the signing party must reveal the relationship between them.  For example, unless an environmental group authorizes an individual member of its group to act for it, the individual cannot make a protest in the group’s name.

What is the difference between the 4-digit Parcel ID number and the 5-digit COC number assigned to parcels?
A parcel ID number is assigned during the environmental assessment period and is used to identify that parcel throughout the planning process. If the BLM decides to make a parcel available for lease through the sale notice, the BLM will assign a 5-digit serial number to the parcel so that it can be registered in LR2000. The BLM's Legacy Rehost System called LR2000 provides reports on BLM land and mineral use authorizations for oil, gas, and geothermal leasing, rights-of-ways, coal and other mineral development, land and mineral title, mining claims, withdrawals, classifications, and more on federal lands or on federal mineral estate. The 5-digit serial number is required when filing a protest.

Can an individual or group bid for an oil and gas lease to keep it from being developed? Yes.  Any qualified U.S. citizen can bid. All leases require development within the initial 10-year term or they are terminated.

Post Sale: Lease Agreement, Fees and Forms

After the Oil and Gas Auction, when I receive my lease, do I have to sign the back page of the lease form?
No. Your signature on the bid form at the sale signifies your acceptance of the lease terms on the back of the lease.

What is the primary term on a federal oil and gas lease?
Noncompetitive leases have a primary term of 10 years. Competitive leases issued prior to the Energy Policy Act of October 24, 1992, have a primary term of five years. Section 2509 of this act changed the primary term of subsequently issued competitive leases to 10 years.

When is my rental due?
Rental is due to the Office Of Natural Resources Revenue by the anniversary date which is the effective date of the lease. Rental is $1.50 an acre the first five years and increases the sixth year to $2.00 for the majority of leases.

What are the filing fees associated with oil and gas leases?
The fees for filing a noncompetitive offer are a $390 filing fee and the rental of $1.50 an acre (remember to round up your acreage). If you are filing an Assignment of Record Title, transfer of Operating Rights there is an $85 filing fee for each lease you are filing on and Overriding Royalty has a $10 fee for each lease you are filing on. 

What form do I use for transfers?
Use a June 1988 or later edition. For Record Title Interest use Form 3000-3. For Operating Rights/Overriding Royalties use Form 3000-3a.

Can I copy the official form?
Yes. Copies must be exact reproductions of the official form. Tear off the bottom directions; reproduce head to foot.

Can I use computer generated forms for transfers?
Yes. However, the Colorado State Office will not review such formats for consistency with current Bureau forms. All parties will be bound by the language of the official form.

How do I file a mass assignment?
Use the current form. You must have three originally-executed copies (both transferor and transferee sign three copies). Attach an exhibit to each original copy showing serials numbers, type and interest conveyed, and a description of the lands. We need one reproduced copy of the form and the appropriate page of the exhibit for each lease. There is a nonrefundable $85 filing fee per instrument per lease. For administrative convenience, please submit only 25 leases per mass along with separate checks for each mass.


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