Cultural Resources


Following the execution of the National Programmatic Agreement in 2012, Colorado revised the Protocol Agreement with the State Historic Preservation Office (SHPO).  The Protocol describes how SHPO and BLM will interact.  It emphasizes a collaborative and cooperative relationship, while striving to improve the management of cultural resources on BLM lands in Colorado and those that might be affected by BLM's actions.  It also ensures a program for continued and enhanced communication between BLM, SHPO, Indian tribes, and other consulting parties potentially affected by BLM undertakings.

The new agreement may be viewed or downloaded by clicking the following link:

BLM-Colorado Protocol Agreement (2014)


The Colorado BLM cultural resources program manages archaeological, historical and traditional cultural properties and museum collections. Government to government relations with American Indian tribes that have cultural and historic ties to Colorado is essential to protecting cultural and natural resources on public land.

More than 48,000 cultural resource sites are recorded on Colorado's public lands dating from 12,000 years ago. There are 535 sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places including 4 National Historic Landmarks. Significant sites include prehistoric Fremont rock art, ancestral Anasazi pueblos, Ute villages, and historic mines and towns. 

Popular visitor destinations include Lowry Pueblo, Sand Canyon Pueblo and Canyon PintadoThe Anasazi Heritage Center (AHC), near the town of Dolores, houses several million artifacts, and includes exhibit areas and a laboratory. The AHC is part of the Canyon of the Ancients National Monument (CANM) which was designated in 2000. CANM provides special protection and recognition for about 164,000 acres containing one of the highest known densities of archaeological sites in the American Southwest.

Cultural News

BLM's Tribal Consultation Outreach and Programmatic Agreement