Noxious and Invasive Weeds
Invasive weeds are generally non-native plants introduced to North America from Europe and Asia. Weeds began entering this country in earnest in the mid-1800s. These plants have spread at an alarming rate because, unlike native species, there are no native insects, fungi, or diseases to control their growth and spread in this country. What initially began with a handful of plants in the 19th century now number in the hundreds of millions. These noxious weeds are destroying wildlife habitat and forage, threatening endangered species and native plants, increasing soil erosion and groundwater loss, and blocking recreational opportunities.
Estimates indicate that invasive plants are spreading at about 4,600 acres per day on federal lands alone in the Western United States. Weeds have invaded approximately 17 million acres of public rangelands in the West - more than quadrupling their range from 1985-1995. In northern California, yellow starthistle increased from 1 million acres in 1981 to 10 million acres today.
On the positive side, an inventory in 1996 showed that only about 8.5 million acres or 5% of BLM's 180 million acres had serious weed problems. Our challenge is to prevent the spread of these weeds before the situation gets more serious and requires a great deal of money and people to contain or control it.
Several BLM-California field offices maintain lists of noxious weeds that occur in their area. For more information, visit our field office websites below:
BLM Weed Management Projects in California:
BLM Policy on Noxious Weed Management:
BLM Manual 9011 - Chemical Pest Control
BLM Manual 9015 - Integrated Weed Management
BLM Manual 9014 - Use of Biological Control Agents of Pests on Public Lands
BLM National Weed Page
BLM National Weed Education Page
BLM's Partners Against Weeds Action Plan
Wanted Weed Posters
A look at the lighter side of BLM issues
War of the Weeds
A Funny.bytes feature that educates about the spread of noxious and invasive weeds.
Zap the Weed
Shoot the weeds and flying saucers -- to help save the environment for Buck, Ely and Festus! Warning: sound effects -- you may want to check the sound level on your computer.