Mining Claim Markers & Wildlife Dangers
|A fence lizard and Northern Flicker were found in this pipe. Photo by Jeff King, Audubon CA-Kern River Preserve. Used with permission. |
Mining claim markers are becoming a problem for wildlife due to the use of uncapped metal and plastic (Polyvinyl Chloride-PVC) pipes found on public lands. Uncapped pipe mining claim markers can be a death trap to birds and other animals. Wildlife Animals trapped in the pipes cannot climb out due to the smooth walls of the pipe.
California state law says opened topped pipes are not legal as claim markers in CA. Information can be found at the California Department of Conservation . We strongly encourage the public and BLM partners to help us prevent future wildlife mortality by filling any open pipe with sand, rocks, or cap it with a large well-fitted rock. Contact your local BLM office for more information.
Bureau Of Land Management- Gold Book Location Validity of Mining Claims Sites in California.
Section 3 . Section 3915 of the [California] Public Resources Code is amended to read.
3915. (a) The following are the only monuments which may be used pursuant to this chapter:
- A wooden post not less than 1-1/2 inches in diameter projecting at least two feet above the ground.
- A mound of stone projecting at least two feet above the ground.
- A nonperforated, capped metal post or solid metal rod, not less than one inch in diameter and projecting at least two feet above the ground.
(b) Where by reason of precipitous ground, it is impractical or dangerous to place a monument in its true position; a witness monument may be erected as near thereto as the nature of the ground will permit and make so as to identify the true position.
(c) Where, by reason of working the claim, it is impractical or dangerous to maintain a monument in its true position, a witness monument shall be erected as near there thereto as the nature of the ground will permit and marked so a to identify the true position.
(d) Any person using on January 1, 1992, or who has previously erected any monument or object other than those defined in this section for the purpose of this chapter shall have until January 1, 1995, to comply with this section or remove those monuments which are not in compliance.
(e) Within 180 days of abandonment, relinquishment, or loss of a claim, in effect on January 1, 1992, all monuments pertaining to a claim shall be permanently removed by the locator. A person who violates this subdivision shall be subject to a fine of not more than fifty dollars ($50) for each monument which is not removed and additionally liable for any cost incurred by the federal, state, or county government agency which removes any monument or has it removed.
Executive Order 13186 - Responsibilities of Federal Agencies To Protect Migratory Birds