Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act
The Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act (FLTFA), also commonly referred to as the “Baca Act”, was passed by Congress and signed into law on July 25, 2000 (P.L. 106-248). The FLTFA was originally authorized for a 10 year period and first expired July 24, 2010. On July 29, 2010, Congress passed an emergency supplemental appropriations bill which extended FLTFA for one year to expire July 25, 2011.
As of October, 2011, FLTFA has not been reauthorized but a reauthorization bill has been sent to the U.S. Senate for a full vote. The bill, if approved and signed into law, would reauthorize the FLTFA until July 25, 2021.
FLTFA directed that revenues generated from FLTFA sales be split between the respective State (4%) for educational purposes or for the construction of public roads, and a special account (96%) available to the Secretary of the Interior and the Secretary of Agriculture for acquisition of land in certain federally designated areas, and for administrative expenses necessary to carry out the sale program.
The account could be used by the Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, the National Park Service, and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (the Agencies), to purchase lands located within federally designated areas from willing sellers. The account could be utilized by BLM to prepare public lands for sale.
Land purchases by the Agencies under FLTFA were governed by the provisions of the Act itself, a National Memorandum of Understanding among the four agencies entered into in May 2003, and, in the State of California, under a Statewide Interagency Implementation Agreement entered into among the Regional Offices of the Agencies on November 7, 2005.
Land sales under FLTFA area were carried out in accordance with the provisions of Sections 203 and 209 of the Federal Land Policy and Management Act of October 21, 1976, and with the regulations under 43 CFR Part 2710 and 2720.
Because special provisions and procedures apply to both land purchases and land sales conducted under the authority of FLTFA, it is recommended that you visit the following links if you are interested in obtaining additional information on either of these programs.
Land Purchases by Federal Agencies
Land Purchase under the Federal Land Transaction Facilitation Act (FLTFA)