Surprise Field Office

Noxious Weeds of the Surprise Field Office

stamp out weeds - graphicThis plant guide identifies 15 noxious weeds that are known to occur on public lands administered by the Bureau of Land Management's Surprise Field Office in northeastern California and northwestern Nevada.  To view a photograph and more information on an individual plant, click on the plant's common name below.

Bull Thistle

Cirsium vulgare

 

Russian Knapweed

Acroptilon repens

 

Dyer's Woad or
Marlahan Mustard

Isatis tinctoria

 

Perennial Pepperweed
or Tall Whitetop

Lepidium latifolium

 

Puncturevine

Tribulus terrestris

 

Canada Thistle

Cirsium arvense

 
 
 

Scotch Thistle

Onopordum acanthium

 
 

Yellow Starthistle

Centaurea solstitialis

 
 
 stamp out weeds - graphic 
 
 

Dalmatian Toadflax

Linaria dalmatica

 
 
 

Medusahead

Taeniatherum caput
     -medusae

 

Musk Thistle

Carduus nutans

 
 

Diffuse Knapweed

Centaurea diffusa

 
 

Hoary Cress

Cardaria draba

 
 

Halogeton

Halogeton glomeratus

 
 

Mediterranean Sage

Salvia aethiopis

Noxious weeds are non-native plants introduced to North America from Europe and Asia. These plants have spread at an alarming rate because, unlike native species, there are no native insects, fungi, or diseases to control their growth and spread in this country. What began as a handful of plants introduced in the 19th century, now number in the hundreds of millions. Noxious weeds destroy wildlife habitat and forage, threaten endangered species and native plants, increase erosion and groundwater loss, and prevent recreational activities.

Estimates indicate that noxious weeds are spreading at rate of 4,600 acres per day on federal lands alone in the western United States.  They have invaded approximately 17 million acres of public rangelands in the West -- more than quadrupling their range from 1985 to 1995. In northern California, yellow starthistle expanded its range from 1 million acres in 1981 to 12 million acres in 2007.

The Bureau of Land Management is just one of many government agencies mounting an effort to control and prevent noxious weeds, as well as educate the public about how destructive these plants can be.