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Barstow Field Office

Bird Check List

The Barstow Field Office covers an area of nearly 3 million acres and is located in southern California in the heart of the Mojave Desert. It is bordered by the San Bernardino Mountains on the southwest and the state of Nevada to the northeast. A variety of habitats, from desert sinks to higher elevation woodlands, support a wide diversity of birdlife. Elevation ranges from near sea level to over 6000 feet, with annual precipitation from 0 to 6 inches. 

greater roadrunner

Greater Roadrunner
Geococcyx californianus

Vegetation communities include small amount of Pinyon-Juniper Woodland near the southern and northern edges of the resource area. Shadscale Scrub and Creosote Scrub are the predominant vegetation communities in the resource area, and are found at lower elevations. Joshua Tree, Nolina, and Mixed Mojave Woody Scrub communities are found at intermediate elevations.

Cottonwood and Willow groves, as well as patches of Catclaw Acacia, are scattered throughout the area at springs and along the two rivers of the Mojave Desert, the Mojave and Amargosa Rivers. These woodlands provide critical riparian habitat for a wide variety of both resident and neotropical migratory birds.

Shallow alkaline lakes, such as Cronese Dry Lake and Harper Dry Lake, provide habitat for shorebirds and waterfowl. Some hold water throughout the year, such as Harper Dry Lake, but most are wet only during rainy seasons in spring and early summer. Consult a field guide to determine which habitats would likely support various species.

Sources used to compile this list include observations of BLM biologists and local birders, "Birds of the Great Basin" by Fred A. Ryser, "Birds of Nevada" by J. Roy Alcorn, "A Field Guide to Western Birds" by Roger Tory Peterson, "A Field Guide to Birds of North America" by The National Geographic Society, and "California's Wildlife (Volume II ) - Birds" by the California Department of Fish and Game.

The accuracy of this bird list will improve with additional observations. Observations should include the species, date, and specific location. Report bird observations to the BLM wildlife biologist at the Barstow Field Office, 2601 Barstow Road, Barstow, CA 92311.

The following codes are used in the list:

PR = Permanent Residents. Species that remain in the resource area all year.

SR = Summer Residents. Species that occur in the resource area in summer.

WR = Winter Residents. Species that occur in the resource area in winter.

M = Migrants. Species that use the resource area for short periods during migration.

 

 

LOONS & GREBES 
___ Common Loon (M) 
___ Pied-billed Grebe (PR) 
___ Eared Grebe (PR) 
___ Western Grebe (WR) 

PELICANS & CORMORANTS 
___ American White Pelican (M) 
___ Double-crested Cormorant (M) 

HERONS, EGRETS & BITTERNS 
___ Great Blue Heron (PR/WR) 
___ Black-crowned Night Heron (PR) 
___ American Bittern (WR) 
___ Least Bittern (M) 
___ Cattle Egret (WR/M) 
___ Great Egret (M) 
___ Snowy Egret (SR/WR) 
___ White-faced Ibis (SR) 

GEESE & DUCKS 
___ Tundra Swan (M/WR) 
___ Snow Goose (M) 
___ Canada Goose (M) 
___ Green-winged Teal (WR) 
___ Mallard (PR/WR) 
___ Northern Pintail (WR) 
___ Blue-winged Teal (M) 
___ Cinnamon Teal (SR/PR) 
___ Northern Shoveler (SR/WR) 
___ Gadwall (PR) 
___ American Widgeon (WR) 
___ Canvasback (WR) 
___ Redhead (SR) 
___ Ring-necked Duck (WR) 
___ Lesser Scaup (WR) 
___ Bufflehead (M/WR) 
___ Ruddy Duck (PR) 

VULTURES, HAWKS & EAGLES 
___ Turkey Vulture (SR/M) 
___ Osprey (M) 
___ Bald Eagle (M) 
___ Northern Harrier (PR) 
___ Sharp-shinned Hawk (WR) 
___ Cooper's Hawk (PR) 
___ Black-shouldered Hawk (WR) 
___ Swainson's Hawk (M) 
___ Red-tailed Hawk (PR) 
___ Ferruginous Hawk (WR) 
___ Rough-legged Hawk (WR) 
___ Golden Eagle (PR) 

FALCONS 
___ American Kestrel (PR) 
___ Merlin (M/WR) 
___ Peregrine Falcon (M) 
___ Prairie Falcon (PR) 

PHEASANTS, GROUSE & QUAIL 
___ Chukar (PR) 
___ Mountain Quail (PR) 
___ Gambel's Quail (PR) 
___ California Quail (PR) 

RAILS & COOTS  
___ Virginia Rail (PR) 
___ Sora (SR) 
___ American Coot (SR) 

CRANES  
___ Sandhill Crane (M) 

PLOVERS 
___ Mountain Plover (WR) 
___ Snowy Plover (SR) 
___ Killdeer (PR) 

AVOCETS & STILTS  
___ Black-necked Stilt (SR) 
___ American Avocet (SR) 

SANDPIPERS & ALLIES  
___ Greater Yellowlegs (M/SR) 
___ Lesser Yellowlegs (M) 
___ Willet (SR) 
___ Spotted Sandpiper (SR) 
___ Long-billed Curlew (WR) 
___ Western Sandpiper (M) 
___ Least Sandpiper (WR) 
___ Pectoral Sandpiper (M) 
___ Dunlin (M) 
___ Short-billed Dowitcher (M) 
___ Long-billed Dowitcher (M/WR) 
___ Common Snipe (WR/SR) 
___ Wilson's Phalarope (SR) 

GULLS & TERNS  
___ Ringbilled Gull (PR) 
___ California Gull (PR) 
___ Herring Gull (M) 

PIGEONS & DOVES  
___ Rock Dove (PR) 
___ Band-tailed Pigeon (PR) 
___ Mourning Dove (PR) 
___ White-winged Dove (SR) 

OWLS 
___ Barn Owl (PR) 
___ Western Screech-Owl (PR) 
___ Great Horned Owl (PR) 
___ Northern Pygmy-Owl (PR) 
___ Burrowing Owl (PR) 
___ Long-eared Owl (PR/WR) 
___ Short-eared Owl (PR) 

NIGHTHAWKS & POORWILLS 
___ Common Nighthawk (SR) 
___ Lesser Nighthawk (SR) 
___ Common Poorwill (SR/PR) 

CUCKOOS & ROADRUNNERS 
___ Yellow-billed Cuckoo (SR/PR) 
___ Greater Roadrunner (PR) 

SWIFTS & HUMMINGBIRDS 
___ White-throated Swift (SR) 
___ Black-chinned Hummingbird (SR) 
___ Calliope Hummingbird (SR) 
___ Broad-tailed Hummingbird (SR) 
___ Rufous Hummingbird (M) 
___ Costa's Hummingbird (PR/SR) 
___ Anna's Hummingbird (PR/M) 

KINGFISHERS 
___ Belted Kingfisher (M) 

WOODPECKERS & SAPSUCKERS 
___ Lewis' Woodpecker (WR) 
___ Nuttall's Woodpecker (PR) 
___ Ladderback Woodpecker (PR) 
___ Hairy Woodpecker (PR) 
___ Northern Flicker (PR) 
___ Red-naped Sapsucker (WR) 

FLYCATCHER KINGBIRDS & PHOEBES 
___ Olive-sided Flycatcher (M) 
___ Willow Flycatcher (M) 
___ Hammond's Flycatcher (M) 
___ Dusky Flycatcher (SR) 
___ Gray Flycatcher (SR) 
___ Cordilleran Flycatcher (M) 
___ Ash-throated Flycatcher (SR) 
___ Brown-crested Flycatcher (SR) 
___ Say's Phoebe (PR) 
___ Black Phoebe (PR) 
___ Western Kingbird (SR) 
___ Cassin's Kingbird (SR) 
___ Western Wood-Peewee (SR) 

LARKS 
___ Horned Lark (PR) 

SWALLOWS 
___ Violet-green Swallow (SR) 
___ Northern Rough-winged Swallow (SR) 
___ Bank Swallow (M) 
___ Cliff Swallow (SR) 
___ Barn Swallow (SR) 

JAYS, NUTCRACKERS & RAVENS 
___ Scrub Jay (PR) 
___ Steller's Jay (PR) 
___ Pinyon Jay (PR) 
___ Clark's Nutcracker (PR) 
___ Common Raven (PR) 

CHICKADEES, TITMICE & BUSHTITS 
___ Mountain Chickadee (PR) 
___ Plain Titmouse (PR) 
___ Bushtit (PR) 
___ Verdin (PR) 

NUTHATCHES & CREEPERS  
___ Red-breasted Nuthatch (PR) 
___ White-breasted Nuthatch (PR) 
___ Pygmy Nuthatch (WR) 

WRENS & WRENTITS 
___ Rock Wren (PR) 
___ Canyon Wren (PR) 
___ Bewick's Wren (PR) 
___ House Wren (SR) 
___ Marsh Wren (PR) 
___ Cactus Wren (PR) 
___ Winter Wren (WR) 
___ Wrentit (PR) 

KINGLETS, THRUSHE & GNATCATCHERS 
___ Golden-crowned Kinglet (WR) 
___ Ruby-crowned Kinglet (WR) 
___ Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (SR) 
___ Western Bluebird (PR) 
___ Mountain Bluebird (PR) 
___ Townsend's Solitaire (PR) 
___ Swainson's Thrush (SR) 
___ Hermit Thrush (SR) 
___ American Robin (PR) 
___ Black-tailed Gnatcatcher (PR) 

THRASHERS, PIPITS & WAXWINGS 
___ Sage Thrasher (SR) 
___ Bendire's Thrasher (SR) 
___ LeConte's Thrasher (PR) 
___ Crissal Thrasher (PR) 
___ California Thrasher (PR) 
___ American Pipit (WR) 
___ Cedar Waxwing (WR) 
___ Northern Mockingbird (PR) 

SHRIKES 
___ Northern Shrike (WR) 
___ Loggerhead Shrike (PR) 
___ Phainopepla (PR) 

STARLINGS 
___ European Starling (PR) 

VIREOS 
___ Solitary Vireo (M) 
___ Warbling Vireo (SR) 
___ Bell's Vireo (SR) 
___ Gray Vireo (SR) 

WARBLERS 
___ Orange-crowned Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Nashville Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Yellow Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Yellow-rumped Warbler (SR/WR) 
___ Black-throated Gray Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Lucy's Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Virginia's Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Hermit Warbler (SR/M) 
___ MacGillvray's Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Common Yellowthroat (SR/M) 
___ Wilson's Warbler (SR/M) 
___ Yellow-breasted Chat (SR/M) 

TANAGERS, GROSBEAKS & BUNTINGS 
___ Western Tanager (SR/M) 
___ Summer Tanager (SR/M) 
___ Black-headed Grosbeak (SR) 
___ Blue Grosbeak (SR) 
___ Lazuli Bunting (SR/M) 

SPARROWS & ALLIES 
___ Green-tailed Towhee (SR) 
___ Rufous-sided Towhee (PR/SR) 
___ California Towhee (PR) 
___ Black-chinned Sparrow (WR) 
___ Chipping Sparrow (WR/SR) 
___ Brewer's Sparrow (SR) 
___ Vesper Sparrow (SR) 
___ Lark Sparrow (WR/SR) 
___ Black-throated Sparrow (SR) 
___ Sage Sparrow (SR/WR/PR) 
___ Savannah Sparrow (WR/PR) 
___ Fox Sparrow (WR/SR) 
___ Song Sparrow (PR) 
___ Lincoln's Sparrow (WR/SR) 
___ Golden-crowned Sparrow (WR) 
___ White-crowned Sparrow (PR) 
___ Dark-eyed Junco (PR) 
___ Evening Grosbeak (WR/M) 

BLACKBIRDS & ORIOLES 
___ Red-winged Blackbird (PR) 
___ Western Meadowlark (PR) 
___ Yellow-headed Blackbird (SR) 
___ Brewer's Blackbird (PR) 
___ Brown-headed Cowbird (SR/PR) 
___ Bullock's Oriole (SR) 
___ Hooded Oriole (SR) 
___ Scott's Oriole (SR) 

OLD WORLD FINCHES & ALLIES 
___ Cassin's Finch (PR) 
___ House Finch (PR) 
___ Red Crossbill (PR) 
___ Lesser Goldfinch (SR/PR) 
___ American Goldfinch (WR) 

OLD WORLD SPARROWS 
___ House Sparrow (PR)

 

Species Occurring Irregularly in the Barstow Resource Area:

___ Clark's Grebe 
___ Spotted Dove 
___ Whip-poor-will 
___ Vaux's Swift 
___ Purple Finch 
___ Pine Siskin 
___ Lawrence's Goldfinch 
___ Clapper Rail
___ Great-tailed Grackle 
___ Vermillion Flycatcher
___ Green-backed Heron 
___ Lark Bunting 
___ Common Pochard 
___ Black Swift 
___ Common Moorhen 
___ Allen's Hummingbird 
___ Red-shouldered Hawk 
___ Hepatic Tanager 
___ Tricolor Blackbird

 

Working Together for Wildlife

Across the west, BLM-managed land supports more than 3,000 species of wildlife. The Barstow Resource Area supports more than 240 bird species. BLM manages approximately 270 million acres in 12 Western States, including Alaska. There are approximately 3 million acres in the Barstow Resource Area.

Wildlife management is a cooperative business. State fish and wildlife agencies manage most populations of wildlife, but landowners, including the Federal government, manage the wildlife habitat. Cooperation is imperative for successful wildlife management. BLM cooperates with many agencies, private land owners, and private organizations such as Ducks Unlimited, Quail Unlimited, and The Nature Conservancy, to protect bird habitat.

BLM is one of many Federal agencies, State and Provincial fish and wildlife agencies, nongovernment organizations and private companies active in Partners in Flight - Aves de las Americas (PIF). PIF was formed to focus attention on the populations of declining neotropical migratory birds. The partnership is working to establish regional working groups, form international partnerships, and establish new resource monitoring and habitat conservation.

In addition to being active in PIF, BLM is implementing its own Nongame Migratory Bird Habitat Conservation Strategy Plan. Components include conserving populations of nongame birds through a variety of habitat management practices and promoting the value of nongame birds to wildlife viewing and natural heritage.

Four Watchable Wildlife Viewing Areas have been designated in the Barstow Resource Area: Afton Canyon, Amargosa Canyon, Grimshaw Lake, and Harper Dry Lake. BLM is very active in riparian (streamside) restoration work in the Barstow Resource Area. This effort is critical to maintaining the habitat needed by numerous neotropical migratory and nongame bird species, as well as other wildlife species.