Cultural Resource Management Guidelines
Purpose and Background
BLM recognizes that cultural resource information, which chronicles thousands of years of human adaptations to gradually changing land and resource conditions, provides a dynamic sense of time that needs to be in today's land use decisions.
BLM defines cultural resources as:
1. Cultural properties - The physical locations and associated material remains, such as archaeological and historical sites, that have been found to be capable of contributing important scientific, historic, or management information, or that possess identified social, cultural, educational, or public importance. It may include definite locations (sites or places) of traditional cultural or religious importance to specified social and/or cultural groups. Cultural properties are tangible places and things which can be identified, ranked, and managed. Some examples might include a prehistoric hunting camp or historic bridge.
2. Traditional lifeway values - Native American or a specified social and/or cultural group's traditional or long-standing system of shared religious beliefs, cultural practice, and social interactions that may not always be identified with a definite location. Another group's shared abstract, nonmaterial, or ascribed ideas that one cannot know about without being told. Examples might include land features, mountain peaks, trails, plants, other natural resources that have traditional values or ceremonial associations.
This policy summary comes from the BLM's Cultural Resource Management 8100 Manual (BLM, 1988). The manual was developed with the intent of guiding BLM's management of cultural resources in a manner responsive to both cultural resource laws/regulations, and to the needs of other resource management programs and uses. In addition, the BLM has a statewide cultural resource programmatic agreement with the State Historic Preservation Officer and the Advisory Council of Historic Preservation (June, 1991) which provides management procedures regarding Section 106 and Section 110 responsibilities under the National Historic Preservation Act. A Memorandum of Understanding between the BLM and the California Native American Heritage Commission (May, 1988) provides management coordination procedures pertinent to the Heritage Commission and Native American tribal groups.
To meet its specific legislated responsibilities and to fulfill its general stewardship role, the BLM will:
1. Ensure that BLM's land use decisions will not have inadvertent adverse effects on cultural resources.
2. Consult with the State Historic Preservation Officer (SHPO) and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation in implementing the National Historic Preservation Act.
3. Accommodate public and scientific uses of cultural resources, recognizing that appropriate use is the end goal for their management.
4. Pursue vigorously the protection of cultural properties from theft and other illegal uses.
5. Encourage the involvement and cooperation of other agencies, state and local governments, Native American tribes or groups, organizations, and individuals in the identification, protection, interpretation, and management of cultural resources.
6. Solicit necessary information about cultural and traditional lifeway values from concerned segments of the public, including but not limited to Native American tribes and groups, and consider potential impacts on such values through their participation starting at the early stages of land use planning and environmental review.
7. Locate, evaluate, and classify paleontological resources on public land, and manage public lands to ensure that paleontological resources are given full consideration in land use planning and decisions.
Management Guidelines for Implementation of
Cultural Resource Management Policies
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