Neotropical Migrating Birds
FOUND WITHIN THE CALIENTE RESOURCE AREA


Common Name


Scientific Name

Tropical Dependence1

Use of Public Land           
Migration2           Nesting2         

Allen's hummingbird

Selasphorus sasin

 

1

 

3 COW,MCH

4 CSC,MCH, VRI

American avocet

Recurvirostra americana

 

4

 

3 FEW,LAC, SEW

4 FEW,LA

American bittern

Botaurus lentiginosus

 

2

 

5 FEW,MRI,VRI

5 FEW

American pipit

Anthus spinoletta

 

4

 

3 AGS

0 ADS

American redstart

Setophaga ruticilla

 

2

 

4 COW,VRI

0 None

American white pelican

Pelecanus erythroryhncos

 

3

 

3 EST,LAC

0 None

ash-throated flycatcher  

Myiarchus cinerascens

 

2

 

3 BOP,BOW, MCH, MRI,PJN, VRI

3 BOP,BOW, MCH,MRI,PJN, VOW,VRI

Baird's sandpiper 

Calidris bairdii 

 

1

 

4 LAC

0 None

bank swallow

Riparia riparia

 

1

 

5 Most

5

barn swallow

Hirundo rustica  

 

1

 

3 Most

4 Open

Bell's vireo

Vireo bellii

 

1

 

5 VRI

5 VRI

belted kingfisher

Ceryle alcyon

 

4

 

4 LAC,MAR, RIV

4 EST,LAC,MAR, RIV

Bendire's thrasher

Toxostoma bendirei

 

2

 

4 DSC

5 DSC,DSW

black swift

Cypseloides niger

 

1

 

5 Most

5 Montane - Forest/Open

black tern

Chlidonias niger

 

1

 

5 EST,FEW, LAC

5 FEW,LAC

black-bellied plover

Pluvialis squatarola

 

3

 

4 FEW,LAC, SEW

0 None

black-chinned hummingbird

Archilochus alexandri

 

1

 

3 MCH,VRI

4 Lower Elev. Trees/Shrubs

black-chinned sparrow

Spizella atrogularis

 

2

 

4 CRC,DSC, MCH,SGB

4 CRC,DSC, MCH,SGB

black-crowned night-heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

 

3

 

4 FEW,MRI,VRI

5 EST,FEW, LAC, SEW

black-headed grosbeak  

Pheucticus melanocephalus

 

1

 

3 BOP,BOW, COW,MCH, MHW,MRI,VRI, CON/EDG

3 BOP,BOW, COW,MCH, MHW,MRI,VRI, CON/EDG

black-necked stilt

Himantopus mexicanus

 

2

 

3 FEW,LAC, SEW

4 FEW,LAC

black-throated gray warbler

Dendroica nigrescens

 

2

 

3 Most Trees

3 JUN,MCH, MHW, Plus Many Conifers

black-throated sparrow

Amphispiza bilineata

 

3

 

4 DSC,JST

4 DSC,JST

blue grosbeak

Guiraca caerula

 

1

 

3 VRI

4 VRI

blue-gray gnatcatcher

Polioptila caerulea

 

2

 

 4 Most Low Elev. Trees/ Shrubs

4 BOW, DRI, MCH,  MHW, VRI

Bonaparte's gull  

Larus philadelphia     

 

4

 

4 EST,FEW, LAC, MAR, SEW

0 None

Brewer's blackbird

Euphagus cyanocephalus

 

5

 

3 ASC,DSC, Openings in Tree Dominated

3 ASC,DSC, Openings in Tree Dominated

Brewer's sparrow

Spizella breweri

 

2

 

3 AGS,ASC, SGB

4 SGB

brown-crested flycatcher

Myiarchus tyrannulus

 

1

 

5 VRI

5 VRI

brown-headed cowbird

Molothrus ater

 

4

 

3 MCH,MHW, MRI  ,VRI, Openings High Trees

3 MCH,MHW, MRI,VRI, Openings High Trees

burrowing owl

Athene cunicularia

 

3

 

3 AGS,ASC

3 AGS,ASC

calliope hummingbird

Stellula calliope  

 

1

 

4 DRI,VRI

4 Most

Caspian tern

Sterna caspia

 

2

 

3 EST,LAC, MAR

0 None

Cassin's finch

Carpodacus cassinii

 

4

 

3  Most Trees

 4 Wide

Cassin's kingbird

Tyrannus vociferans

 

1

 

4 AGS,BOW

5 BOW,VOW, VRI

cattle egret  

Bubulcus ibis

 

3

 

4 CRP,FEW, MRI,VRI

5 CRP,FEW, LAC, PAS, SEW

cedar waxwing

Bombycilla cedrorum   

 

4

 

3 Most Trees/ Shrubes

0 MRI, Early Seral

chipping sparrow

Spizella passerina

 

3

 

3 Openings in Tree Dominate Habitat

4 Openings in Tree Dominate Habitat

Clark's grebe

Aechmophorus clarkii

 

4

 

3 EST,LAC, MAR

5 FEW

clay-colored sparrow

Spizella pallida

 

2

 

4 BOW,MRI, VRI

0 None

cliff swallow

Hirundo pyrrhonota

 

1

 

3 Most

3 Open

common nighthawk

Chordeiles minor

 

1

 

4 Most

4 Open

common poorwill

Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

 

2

 

3 Rocks

3 Dry Areas w/Rocks

common snipe

Gallinago gallinago

 

3

 

3 FEW,LAC, PAS,SEW,WTM

0 FEW,LAC, PAS,WTM 

common tern

Sterna hirundo

 

5

 

3 LAC

0 None

common yellowthroat

Geothylpis trichas

 

3

 

4 FEW,VRI, WTM

4 FEW,VRI, WTM

Costa's hummingbird

Calypte costae

 

2

 

4 DRI,DSC,VRI

4 CRC,CSC, DSC, DSW,MCH

double-crested cormorant

Phalacrocorax auritus  

 

3

 

3 EST,LAC, MAR

5 EST,FEW,LAC

dunlin

Calidris alpina 

 

3

 

4 FEW,LAC, MAR,SEW

0 None

dusky flycatcher

Empidonax oberholseri

 

2

 

4 MRI,VRI, Most Trees

4 MCP, Mid/high Brushland,  Early Seral

eared grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

 

3

 

3 EST,LAC,MAR

5 FEW

flammulated owl

Otus flammeolus

 

1

 

4 BOP

4 ASP,JPN,PPN

Forster's tern

Sterna forsteri

 

2

 

3 EST,FEW,LAC, MAR, SEW

4 FEW,LAC

grasshopper sparrow

Ammodramus savannarum

 

3

 

4 AGS,BOW

5 AGS,BOW

gray flycatcher

Empidonax wrightii 

 

2

 

4 DRI,JUN,PJN

0 PJN EAST OF SIERRAS

gray vireo

Vireo vicinior

 

2

 

5 JUN,MCH,PJN

5 JUN,MCH,PJN

great egret 

Casmerodius albus

 

3

 

4 FEW,MRI,VRI

5 CRP,FEW, LAC,PAS,SEW

greater yellowlegs

Tringa melanoleuca

 

3

 

4 FEW,LAC, SEW

0 None

green-backed heron

Butorides striatus

 

2

 

4 FEW,MRI,VRI

5 FEW

green-tailed towhee

Piplo chlorurus

 

2

 

4 MCH,MCP, SGB, Early Seral of Conifer

4 MCH,MCP, SGB, Early Seral of Conifer

Hammond's flycatcher

Empidonax hammondii

 

1

 

4 Most Trees

5 RFR,SMC, WFR

hermit thrush

Catharus guttatus  

 

3

 

3 MRI,URI, Most Conifers

4 MHW,MRI, RFR,  WFR

hermit warbler    

Dendroica occidentalis

 

3

 

4 Most Trees

4 Conifers

herring gull 

Larus argentatus

 

4

 

4 EST,FEW,LAC, MAR,SEW

0 None

hooded oriole

Icterus cucullatus

 

2

 

4 VRI

5 VRI

horned lark

Eremophila alpestris

 

 

2 AGS

2 AGS

house wren

Troglodytes aedon

 

3

 

3 Most Trees

3 BOW,COW, DRI,MHW,MRI, VOW,VRI

indigo bunting

Passerina cyanea

 

1

 

4 MRI,VRI

4 MRI,VRI

lark sparrow

Chondestes grammacus

   

 3 AGS,ASC, BOW,MCH

3 AGS,ASC, BOW, MCH 

lazuli bunting

Passerina amoena

 

1

 

3 BOW,COW, MCH,MHW,MRI,V RI, Conif. Edges

3 BOW,COW, MCH,MHW,MRI, VRI, Conif. Edges

least bittern

Ixobrychus exilis

 

2

 

5 FEW,MRI,VRI

5 FEW

least sandpiper

Calidris minutilla

 

4

 

3 FEW,LAC, SEW

0 None

least tern

Sterna antillarum

 

1

 

3 EST,LAC,MAR

5 EST,LAC,MAR

lesser golden plover

Pluvialis dominica

 

5

 

5 CRP,FEW, LAC,SEW

0 None

lesser goldfinch

Carduelis psaltria

 

4

 

3 BOW,COW, MCH,MHW,MRI,V OW,VRI, CON/EDG

3 BOW,COW, MCH,MHW,MRI, VOW,VRI, CON/EDG

lesser nighthawk

Chordeiles acutipennis

 

1

 

3 AGS,ASC,CRP

3 Open, Desert, Gravel

lesser yellowlegs

Tringa flavipes

 

2

 

4 FEW,LAC, SEW

0 None

Lincoln's sparrow

Melospiza lincolnii

 

3

 

3 MCH,FEW, VRI,WTM

0 None

loggerhead shrike

Lanius ludovicianus

 

4

 

3 AGS, ASC, BOP,BOW,MCH

3 AGS, ASC, BOW,JST,JUN, PJN

long-billed curlew

Numenius americanus

 

4

 

3 AGS,ASC,CRP

0 None

long-billed dowitcher

Limnodromus scolopaceus

 

3

 

3 FEW,LAC, PAS,SEW,WTM

0 None

MacGillivray's warbler

Oporonis tolmiei

 

1

 

3 COW,MCH, MHW, MRI, VRI, Early Seral Conifer

4 COW,MCH, MHW,MRI, Early Seral Conifer

marbled godwit

Limosa fedoa

 

4

 

4 FEW,LAC, SEW

0 None

marsh wren

Cistothorus palustris

 

4

 

4 FEW,WTM

4 FEW

mountain bluebird

Sialia currucoides

 

4

 

3 AGS,ASC

0 SCN

mountain plover

Charadrius montanus

 

5

 

2 AGS,ASC,CRP

0 None

Nashville warbler

Vermivora ruficapilla

 

2

 

4 JPN,MCH, MHW,MRI,PPN,V RI

4 JPN,MCH, MHW,PPN

northern oriole

Icterus galbula

 

2

 

3 BOW,COW, MHW,MRI,VOW,V RI

3 BOW,COW, MHW,MRI,VOW, VRI

northern rough-winged swallow

Stelgidopterx serripennis

 

2

 

3 Most

4 Open

olive-sided flycatcher

Contopus borealis

 

1

 

3 MRI,VRI, Most Trees

4 Many Conifers

orange-crowned warbler

Vermivora celata

 

3

 

3 COW,MCH, MHW

4 COW,MCH, MHW

pacific-slope flycatcher

Empidonax difficilis

 

1

 

3 Most Trees

4 COW,MCH, MHW,RFR,VRI,W FR

pectoral sandpiper

Calidris melanotos

 

1

 

4 LAC

0 None

phainopepla

Phainopepla nitens

 

2

 

3 BOP,BOW

3 BOW,JST, MCH

pied-billed grebe

Podilymbus podiceps

 

5

 

3 EST,LAC,MAR

5 FEW,LAC

pine siskin

Carduelis pinus

 

4

 

3 Most Trees

4 Higher Conifers

purple martin

Progne subis

 

1

 

5 Most

5 Large Trees

red knot

Calidris canutus

 

2

 

4 FEW,LAC, MAR, SEW

0 None

red-naped sapsucker

Sphyrapicus nuchalis

 

2

 

4 Trees

0 ASP,MRI

red-necked phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

 

1

 

3 FEW,LAC,MAR

0 None

red-winged blackbird

Agelaius phoeniceus

 

5

 

3 AGS,ASC, FEW,MRI,VRI, WTM

4 CRP,FEW, MRI,PAS,VRI, WTM

ring-billed gull

Larus delawarensis

 

4

 

3 EST,FEW,LAC, MAR,SEW 

0 None

royal tern

Sterna maxima

 

1

 

5 EST,MAR

0 None

ruby-crowned kinglet

Regulus calendula

 

4

 

3 Most Trees

4 LPN,RFR,WFR

ruddy turnstone

Arenaria interpres

 

3

 

3 FEW,LAC, MAR,SEW

0 None

rufous hummingbird

Selasphorus rufus

 

1

 

3 AGS,ASC, COW,DRI,MCH, VRI

0 None

sage sparrow

Amphispiza belli

 

4

 

4 ASC,SGB,MCH

3 ASC,SGB, MCH

sage thrasher   

Oreoscoptes montanus

 

3

 

4 DSC,SGB

5 DSC,SGB

sanderling

Calidris alba

 

4

 

3 FEW,LAC,MAR, SEW

0 None

sandhill crane

Grus canadensis

 

3

 

3 AGS,CRP,FEW, LAC

0 None

savannah sparrow

Passerculus sandwichensis

 

4

 

3 AGS,ASC,WTM

5 CRP,PGS, PAS,WTM

Say's phoebe

Sayornis saya

 

3

 

3 AGS,ASC,BOP,   BOW,MCH

3 Open, Arid


            

                      

                 

                         

                   

             

                    

Scott's oriole                    Icterus parisorum 2 4 JST,JUN,PJN  4 JST,JUN,PJN

semipalmated plover      Charadrius semipalmatus 3 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE

semipalmated                  Calidris pusilla 2 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE
sandpiper

short-billed                       Limnodromus griseus 3 3 FEW,LAC,PAS,  0 NONE SEW,WTM
dowitcher

short-eared owl               Asio flammeus 4 4 AGS,ASC,CRP  5 AGS,ASC,FEW, WTM

snowy egret                     Egretta thula 3 4 FEW,MRI,VRI  5 FEW,LAC,SEW

snowy plover                   Charadrius alexandrinus 3 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  4 FEW,LAC

solitary sandpiper           Tringa solitaria 1 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE

solitary vireo                    Vireo solitarius 2 4 JPN,JUN,MCH,  4 JPN,JUN,MCH,MHW,MRI,PJN,  MHW,MRI,PJN,SMC,VRI,WFR  SMC,VRI,WFR

spotted sandpiper           Actitis macularia 3 3 LAC,RIV  4 LAC,RIV

stilt sandpiper                 Calidris himantopus 2 4 FEW,LAC,PAS,  0 NONE SEW,WTM

summer tanager              Piranga rubra 1 4 VRI  4 VRI

Swainson's thrush          Catharus ustulatus 1 3 MRI,VRI  4 MHW,MRI,RFR,WFR

Thayer's gull                    Larus thayeri 5 5 EST,FEW,LAC,  0 NONE MAR,SEW

Townsend's solitaire      Myadestes townsendi 5 3 MOST  4 JPN,LPN,RFR, CONIFERS  SCN,SMC,WFR

Townsend's warbler       Dendroica townsendi 3 3 MOST TREES  4 CONIFERS

tree swallow                     Tachycineta bicolor 3 3 MOST  4 MANY TREE DOM

Vaux's swift                      Chaetura vauxi 1 4 MOST  4 FORESTS,FORESTS/OPEN

vermilion flycatcher        Pyrocephalus rubinus 2 5 LAC,VRI  5 DRI,VRI

vesper sparrow               Pooecetes gramineus 3 4 AGS,BOW,VRI  0 NONE

violet-green swallow      Tachycineta thalassina 2 3 MOST  4 MANY TREES DOMINANT

warbling vireo                  Vireo gilvus 1 3 MRI,VRI  3 MRI,VRI

western bluebird             Sialia mexicana 4 3 AGS,BOP,BOW,  3 OPEN TREES MRI,VRI

western grebe                 Aechmophorus occidentalis 4 3 EST,LAC,MAR  5 FEW

western kingbird             Tyrannus verticalis 1 3 AGS,ASC,BOW,  3 BOW,DRI,VOW,MCH  VRI

western sandpiper          Calidris mauri 4 3 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE

western tanager              Piranga ludoviciana 2 3 BOP,COW,PJN,  3 BOP,COW,PJN, MHW,VRI,OPEN  MHW,OPEN CONIFER  CONIFER

western wood-pewee     Contopus sordidulus 1 3 BOW,MCH,VRI  3 MANY TREES & CONIFERS

whimbrel                           Numenius phaeopus 3 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE

white-crowned                 Zonotrichia leucophrys 4 3 BOP,BOW,COW,  0 NONE MCH,MRI,VRI
sparrow

white-faced ibis               Plegadis chihi 2 4 FEW,MRI,VRI  5 FEW,LAC

white-throated swift        Aeronautes saxatalis 2 3 MOST  4 FOREST/OPEN

willet                                 Catoptrophorus semipalmatus 4 4 FEW,LAC,SEW  0 NONE

Williamson's                     Sphyrapicus thyroideus 4 4 TREES  5 MOST MID TO HIGH CANOPY
sapsucker

willow flycatcher              Empidonax traillii 1 4 MOST TREES  4 MRI,VRI BELOW CONIFERS

Wilson's phalarope          Phalaropus tricolor 1 3 FEW,LAC  5 FEW,LAC

Wilson's warbler              Wilsonia pusilla 1 3 COW,MRI,WTM,  4 COW,MRI,WTM VRI

yellow warbler                  Dendroica petechia 2 4 MRI,VRI  4 MRI,VRI

yellow-billed cuckoo       Coccyzus americanus 1 5 VRI  5 VRI

yellow-breasted chat       Icteria virens 1 4 VRI  4 VRI

yellow-headed                 Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus 2 3 FEW  4 FEW
blackbird

yellow-rumped                 Dendroica coronata 3 3 MOST TREES  4 CONIFERS
warbler

1Tropical Dependence Code (percent of winter range south of the United States):1, 100%; 2, 75-99%; 3, 50-74%; 4, 25-49%; 5, 5-24%.

2Use of Public Land Code (frequency of occurrence on public land): 1, only on public land; 2, mostly; 3, commonly; 4, uncommonly; 5, rarely. Habitat codes are defined in the following section.

HABITAT CODES

USED IN THE TEXT FOR NEOTROPICAL MIGRATING BIRDS

       

Wildlife Habitat Relationships Codes1

California Native Plant Society Codes2

ADS

Alpine dwarf-shrub

ALPBR

AGS

Annual grassland

VFGRS

ASC

Alkali desert scrub

CHSCR

ASP

Aspen

BUFRS

BOP

Blue oak-digger pine

 

BOW

Blue oak woodland

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

COW Coastal oak woodland BUFRS

CPC Closed-cone pine-cypress CCFRS

CRC Chamise-redshank chaparral

CRP Cropland

CSC Coastal scrub CBSCR

DFR Douglas-fir NCFRS

DRI Desert riparian

DSC Desert scrub MDSCR

DSS Desert succulent shrub

DSW Desert wash

EST Estuarine

EUC Eucalyptus

FEW Fresh emergent wetland MSHSW

JPN Jeffrey pine

JST Joshua tree JTWLD

JUN Juniper PJWLD

LAC Lacustrine VNPLS

LPN Lodgepole pine UCFRS

MAR Marine

MCH Mixed chaparral CHPRL

MCP Montane chaparral

MHC Montane hardwood-conifer BUFRS

MHW Montane hardwood BUFRS

MRI Montane riparian

PAS Pasture

PGS Perennial grassland

PJN Pinyon juniper PJWLD

PPN Ponderosa Pine

RDW Redwood NCFRS

RFR Red fir

RIV Riverine

SCN Subalpine conifer SCFRS

SEW Saline emergent wetland

SGB Sagebrush GBSCR

SMC Sierran mixed conifer

URB Urban

VOW Valley oak woodland

VRI Valley Foothill Riparian RPFRS,RPWLD

WFR White fir UCFRS

WTM Wet meadow BGFNS,MEDWS,VNPLS

1 Mayer and Laudenslayer Jr. (eds), 1988

2 Holland, 1986