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Checklist of Mammals. Carrizo Plain National Monument

 


This checklist of mammals includes 42 species which currently occur within the Carrizo Plain National Monument. Also included are six species (indicated with a "?") which may occur in the Carrizo Plain National Monument, but have not yet been verified.

This checklist can best be used with a field guide to mammals that provides identification and natural history information. Species common and scientific names generally follow Revised Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico, 1986 (Jones et al. 1986).

The Carrizo Plain National Monument encompasses a variety of habitat types. The major habitat types include Juniper, Mixed Scrubland, Alkali Desert Scrub and Annual Grassland. The habitat classification used in this checklist is generally based on A Guide to Wildlife Habitats of California (Mayer and Laudenslayer 1988) and Preliminary Descriptions of the Terrestrial Natural Communities of California (Holland 1986).

Download Brochure Checklist: Mammals of Carrizo Plain National Monument

 Non-native species  State or Federally listed species.

 

Habitat
Occurrence
Marsupials:
ORDER Marsupiala

 

 

  Opossums - Family Didelphidae

 

 

  • Virginia Opossum 
    Didelphus virginiana

MSC/AGS

Rare

Shrews and Moles - ORDER Insectivora

 

 

  Shrews - Family Soricidae

 

 

  • Adorned Shrew
     Sorex ornatus

MSC/AGS

?

  Moles - Family Talpidae

 

 

  • Broad-footed Mole
    Scapanus latimanus 

AGS 

?

 

 

Habitat
Occurrence
Bats:  ORDER Chiroptera

 

 

Vesper Bats - Family Vespertillionidae

 

 

  • California Myotis
    Myotis californicus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Rare

  • Western Small-footed Myotis
    Myotis ciliolabrum

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Long-eared Myotis
    Myotis evotis

JUN/MSC/ASC

?

  • Big Brown Bat
    Eptesicus fuscus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Rare

  • Townsend's Big-eared Bat
    Corynorhinus townsendii

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

?

  • Pallid Bat
    Antrozous pallidus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

Free-tailed Bats - Family Molossidae

 

 

  • Brazilian Free-tailed Bat 
    Tadarida brasiliensis

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

 

Habitat
Occurrence
Rabbits, Hares and Pikas - ORDER Lagomorpha

 

 

Rabbits and Hares - Family Leporidae

 

 

  • Desert Cottontail
    Sylvilagus audubonii

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • Black-tailed Jackrabbit
    Lepus californicus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

 

 

Habitat
Occurrence
Rodents: ORDER Rodentia

 

 

Squirrels and Chipmunks - Family Sciuridae

 

 

  • Merriam's Chipmunk
    Tamias merriami

JUN/MSC

?

  • San Joaquin Antelope Squirrel 
    Ammospermophilus nelsoni

MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • California Ground Squirrel
    Spermophilus beecheyi

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

Pocket Gophers - Family Geomyidae

 

 

  • Botta's Pocket Gopher
    Thomomys bottae

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

Pocket Mice and Kangaroo Rats - Family Heteromyidae

 

 

  • San Joaquin Pocket Mouse
    Perognathus inornatus

MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Little Pocket Mouse
    Perognathus longimembris

MSC/ASC

Uncommon

  • California Pocket Mouse
    Chaetodipus californicus

MSC

Common

  • Heerman's Kangaroo Rat
    Dipodomys heermanni

MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • Giant Kangaroo Rat
    Dipodomys ingens

ASC/AGS

Common

  • Short-nosed Kangaroo Rat
    Dipodomys nitratoides brevinasus

ASC/AGS

Uncommon

New World Rats and Mice - Family Cricetidae

 

 

  • Western Harvest Mouse
    Reithrodontomys megalotis

JUN/MSC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Brush Mouse
    Peromyscus boylii

JUN/MSC

Uncommon

  • California Mouse
    Peromyscus californicus

MSC

Common

  • Canyon Mouse
    Peromyscus crinitus

JUN/MSC

Common

  • Deer Mouse
    Peromyscus maniculatus

MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • Pinon Mouse
    Peromyscus truei

JUN/MSC

Common

  • Southern Grasshopper Mouse
    Onychomys torridus

MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • Dusky-footed Woodrat
    Neotoma fuscipes

JUN/MSC

Common

  • Desert Woodrat
    Neotoma lepida

JUN/MSC

Common

  • California Vole
    Microtus californicus

MSC/AGS

Uncommon

Old World Rats and Mice - Family Muridae

 

 

  • House Mouse  
    Mus musculus

MSC/AGS

Uncommon

 

Habitat
Occurrence
Carnivores: ORDER Carnivora

 

 

Dogs, Foxes and Allies - Family Canidae

 

 

  • Coyote
    Canis latrans

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • San Joaquin Kit Fox 
    Vulpes macrotis mutica

MSC/ASC/AGS

Common 

  • Red Fox 
    Vulpes vulpes

MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

Bears - Family Ursidae

 

 

  • Black Bear
    Ursus americanus

JUN/MSC/AGS

Rare

Raccoons and Ringtails - Family Procyonidae

 

 

  • Raccoon
    Procyon lotor

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

Weasels, Badgers, Skunks and Allies - Family Mustelidae

 

 

  • Long-tailed Weasel
    Mustela frenata

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Common

  • Badger
    Taxidea taxus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Western Spotted Skunk
    Spirogale gracilis

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

?

  • Striped Skunk
    Mephitis mephitis

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Rare

Cats - Family Felidae

 

 

  • Mountain Lion
    Felis concolor

JUN/MSC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Bobcat
    Felis rufus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

Even-toed Ungulates:
ORDER Artiodactyla

 

 

Pigs - Family Suidae

 

 

  • Wild Pig 
    Sus scrofa

JUN/MSC/AGS

Common

Deer and Elk - Family Cervidae

 

 

  • Tule Elk
    Cervus elaphus nannodes

MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

  • Black-tailed Deer
    Odocoileus hemionus columbianus

JUN/MSC/ASC/AGS

Uncommon

Pronghorn - Family Antilocapridae

 

 

  • Pronghorn
    Antilocapra americana

ASC/AGS

Common

 

Common Habitat Types of the Carrizo Plain National Monument

Juniper (JUN) - Includes Juniper Oak Cismontane Woodland (71430) and Cismontane Juniper Woodland and Scrub (72400)

A dense to open woodland characterized by scattered junipers, oaks, low shrubs, and non-native annual grasses. Higher elevations of the Temblor and Caliente Ranges.

Mixed Scrubland (MSC) - includes Upper Sonoran Subshrub Scrub (39000).

A low drought tolerant shrubland dominated by ephedra, golden bush and non-native annual grasses. Elkhorn Plain and lower elevations of the Caliente Range.

Alkali Desert Scrub (ASC) - includes Valley Sink Scrub (36210), Valley Saltbush Scrub (36220) and Interior Coast Range Saltbush Scrub (36320).

A low shrubland dominated by iodine bush or saltbush and non-native annual grasses. From the margins of Soda Lake to the foothills of the Temblor and Caliente Ranges.

Annual Grassland (AGS) - includes Non-native Grassland (42200).

Non-native annual grassland dominated by bromes, filaree and schismus. Found mainly in the central portion of the Carrizo Plain Natural Area.

Numbers in parentheses ( ) correspond to the element codes in  Holland 1986.

References

Holland, R.F. 1986. Preliminary descriptions of terrestrial natural communities of California. State of California, The Resources Agency, Department of Fish and Game. 156 pages.

Jones, J.K., Jr., D.C. Carter, H.H. Genoways, R.S. Hoffman, D.W. Rice and C. Jones. 1986. Revised checklist of North American mammanl north of Mexico, 1986. Occas. Pap. Mus. Texas Tech Univ. 107:1-22.

Mayer, K.E., and W.F. Laudenslayer, Jr., editors. 1988. A guide to wildlife habitats in California. State of California, The Resources Agency, California Department of Forestry and Fire Protection. 166 pages.


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Bureau of Land Management
Bakersfield Field Office
Carrizo Plain National Monument
Goodwin Education Center
Phone: (805) 475-2131
Open: December 1 - May 31.
Hours: 9 a.m. - 4 p.m., Th. - Su.
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Bakersfield Field Office
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