Congress passed the Northern California Coastal Wild Heritage Wilderness Act on October 17,2006. The act designated 42,585 acres of the King Range National Conservation Area as Wilderness.
The uses of wilderness include protection of air and watersheds; maintenance of soil and water quality, ecological stability, plant and animal gene pools, protection of archaeological and historical sites, habitat for wildlife; and livestock grazing. Wilderness provides opportunities for outdoor recreation including hunting, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, and camping. Wilderness also provides for the exercise of valid existing rights such as water rights, mining claims, mineral leases, and rights-of-way.
The Wilderness Act of 1964 prohibits the use of mechanical transport [which includes bicycles] in designated wilderness areas, subject to valid existing rights. The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) defines mechanical transport as any contrivance for moving people or material in or over land, water, snow or air, that has moving parts and is powered by a living or non-living power source. This includes (but is not limited to) wheeled vehicles such as bicycles, game carriers, carts and wagons. “Mechanical transport” does not include wheelchairs when used as necessary medical appliances, nor does it include skis, snowshoes, sleds, travois, nonmotorized river craft including driftboats, rafts, or canoes, or similar primitive devices.
The King Range Wilderness and Rocks and Islands Wilderness Management Plan is now available online. For more information about wilderness: Visit the BLM's Wilderness FAQs.