Gold Rush Timeline
With a gold discovery at Telegraph Creek near the former Russian settlement of Wrangell, gold seekers turned new attention to Alaska's mineral wealth. These first photos dating to 1868, show some of the community's Tlingit population.
Major gold strikes on Gold Creek near Juneau led to the establishment of Alaska's capital city, and inspired more mineral exploration in the North.
Gold found in the Fortymile River by Howard Franklin caused the first rush to interior Alaska, setting the stage for further strikes throughout the region.
Gold discoveries near Rampart and Circle focused new attention on the Yukon River drainage as a place to prospect.
1896 ~ 1898
The enormous Klondike strike in nearby Canada on Bonaza Creek, a tributary of the Yukon River, drew thousands of new prospectprs tp Alaska.
1898 ~ 1899
Gold discoveries at Nome by the "Three Lucky Swedes" caused another massive rush north with prospectors continuing to search all parts of Alaska for gold. In 1899 more gold was discovered on the beaches of Nome.
Gold discoveries in the Koyukuk drainage brought prospectors to the foothills of the Brooks Range, the northern-most extent of Alaska's gold rushes. Small strikes led to short-lived mining camps at Beaver City, Dillman Creek, Coldfoot, and elsewhere.
Italian immigrant, Felix Pedro, discovered gold on Pedro Creek, and Fairbanks was founded. Enormous amounts of gold are still being mine there today.
Discoveries at Valdez Creek, near the current Denali Highway, set off a small stampede to a district by the late 1980s and early 1990s contained the largest gold placer mine in North America, before closing in 1995.
Gold discoveries at Iditarod and Flat set off another rush, sometimes called "The Last Great Rush," although small strikes continue to this day.